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Questions

QUESTIONS

Типы вопросительных предложений

ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ В ЗАВИСИМОСТИ ОТ ТИПА ВОПРОСА

п/п

ТИП ВОПРОСА

ПРАВИЛО

ПРИМЕР

1

ОБЩИЙ

(GENERAL)

Общими вопросами называют такие, на которые можно ответить да или нет. Они начинаются с глагола, стоящего в вопросительной форме

Do you know him?  Вы знаете его?

Is this bag clean?  Эта сумка чистая?



2


СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЙ

(WH-QUESTION)

Специальные вопросы имеют целью выяснение какого-либо факта или обстоятельства. Они относятся не ко всему предложению, а к одному из его членов. Начинаются они с вопросительного слова. Глагол стоит в вопросительной форме только в том случае, если вопросительное слово не является подлежащим или определением подлежащего

Where is he?  Где он?

Where do you studyГде ты учишься?

Who knows this?

Кто это знает?

What do you know? Что вы знаете?



3


АЛЬТЕРНАТИВНЫЙ

(ALTERNATIVE)

Альтернативные вопросы предполагают в ответе выбор между двумя или более предметами, действиями или качествами, выраженными однородными членами предложения, соединенными союзом or или

Do you study at the Universityor at college? Вы учитесь в университете или в колледже?

4


РАЗДЕЛИТЕЛЬНЫЙ

(TAG-QUESTION)


Разделительные вопросы состоят как бы из двух частей: первая часть представляет собой повествовательное предложение (утвердительное или отрицательное), а вторая  краткий общий вопрос, состоящий из вспомогательного (или модального) глагола в требуемой форме и личного местоимения в именительном падеже. При этом если первая часть вопроса утвердительная, то вспомогательный (модальный) глагол употребляется в отрицательной форме, если же первая часть отрицательная, то вспомогательный (модальный) глагол употребляется в утвердительной форме

You bought the tickets, didntyou? Вы купили билеты, не так ли?

You had a good time in the country last week, didnt you?



Вы хорошо провели время за городом на прошлой неделе, не правда ли?

He hasnt come back from Moscow yet, has he? Он ведь еще не вернулся из Москвы?






ВОПРОСИТЕЛЬНО-ОТРИЦАТЕЛЬНЫЕ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ

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ПРАВИЛО

ПРИМЕР

1

Отрицательная форма специальных вопросов образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая в разговорной речи часто сливается с вспомогательным глаголом, стоящим перед подлежащим

Why didnyou know your lesson?

Почему вы не готовы к уроку?

Why isnhe coming to see us? Почему он не придет к нам?



2

Отрицательная форма общего вопроса в английском языке придает ему некоторый оттенок удивления. Такие предложения переводятся на русский язык как вопросы, начинающиеся со слов разве, неужели

Didnyou know about the meeting? Неужели вы не знали о собрании?

Didnyou go to the library yesterday? Разве вы не были в библиотеке вчера?

Модальные глаголы – CAN, MUST, MAY, NEED И ГЛАГОЛ TO BE –

Вспомогательный глагол НЕ нужен, просто выносим сам модальный глагол в начало фразы, меняя его местами с подлежащим:

She can drive a car. – Она умеет водить машину.

Can she drive a car? - Она умеет водить машину?(Yes, she can.; No, she cannot )

We must tell him. – Мы должны ему сказать.

Must we tell him? - Мы должны ему сказать?(Yes, we must.;  No, we must  not )

You may come in. – Ты можешь войти.

May I come in? – Можно мне войти?

must put down the words. – Мне нужно записать эти слова.

Must I put down the words? - Мне нужно записать эти слова?

You need leave now. - Вам нужно уходить сейчас.

Need I live now?

EXERCISES

Exercise 1. Complete with the correct question word

1. _______ much are the patotoes? One dollar.

2. _______ can I do for you? I want two white T-shirts.

3. _______ can I get a newspaper? At Park street.

4. _______ is your best friend? It´s paul.

5. _______ does Lisa live? In Boston.

6. _______ colour is your new car? It´s white.

7. _______ do you collect? Stickers.

8. _______ can help me? I can.

9. _______ about some grapes? No, thanks.

10. _______ was your first word as a baby? Mama.

11. _______ were you born? On March 9th.

12. _______ were you born? In St. Maarten.

13. _______ were you last Sunday? I was working.

14. _______ can we have a picnic? I know a nice place near a pond.

15. _______ are you going to take with you? Some sandwiches and a coke.



Yes/No( general ) questions

  1. asking for information: Are you ready? – Yes, nearly/ No, not quite

Has anyone seen my bag? - Yes, it’s on the chair. / No, I don’t thin so.

2 making a suggestion: Shall we eat out tonight?

3 requesting: Can/could you write the address down for me, please?

4 offering: Can I carry something for you? – No, it’s OK, thank you.



5 inviting: Would you like to come to the party? – Yes, I’d love to.

  1. asking permission: May I use your phone? – Yes, of course.




Exercise 2. Ask questions which have been pre-planned.

Model: You want to know if Mark has been to Los Angeles?

Has Mark been to Los Angeles?

  1. You aren’t sure if Rachel and Vicky are going to America. Ask them.

  2. You want to know if Laura plays tennis. Ask Trevor.

  3. You are wondering if Claire enjoyed he holiday. Ask her (Did…?)

  4. You want to suggest to Rachel that you both go for a walk.

  5. You need to know if David will be at the club tonight. Ask him.

  6. You want to know if the train is on time. Ask Mark.

  7. You wondering if Mike and Harriet go camping. Ask David.

  8. You want to ask Matthew if you can borrow his squash racket.

  9. You want to know if Nick has got a motor bike. Ask him.



Question phrases:

  • What time is your friend arriving? - Half past eight.

  • What kind of/what sort of club is it? - A nightclub.

  • How often do you go out? - About once a week.

  • How long will the meeting last? - An hour or so, I expect.

  • How much money did you spend? - About a hundred pounds.

  • What colour is your toothbrush? - Yellow.

  • How old is your sister? – -She’s twenty.

  • How far is the beach? - Only five minutes’ walk.

  • How many televisions have you got? - Three.





Exercise 3. Quiz champion Claude Jennings is answering questions. Put in these words and phrases: how far, how long, how often, how many, what, what colour, what kind, when , where, who


Quiz-master:

Claude:

1. ______________________is the Greek flag?

Blue and white

2. ______________________centimetres ae there in a kilometre?

A hundred thousand

3. _________________is Melbourne?

It’s in Australia

4. _________________the Second World War end?

In 1945

5. _________________did Romeo love?

Juliet

6. ___________________is Sirius?

It’s a star.

7.__________________is it from Los Angeles to San Fransisco?

About 400 miles

8. _________________are the Olympic Games held?




9. _________________of food is Cheddar?

It’s cheese

10. ________________is a game of rugby?

Eighty minutes

Subject/object questions

Subject

Object
  • Who likes jazz? Who is helping you? Who is talking to you?

  • What makes you think so? What wine goes with fish?

  • Who did you ring? Who are you helping?

  • What does this colour go with?
  • Which program is on now?
  • Whose dog is barking over there?

  • Which program are you watching?

  • Whose dog is Melanie walking?

Exercise 4. Harriet is visiting her grandmother, Mrs Evans. It’s Mrs Evans’s birthday.

She can’t hear very well, and she sometimes gets confused. Complete her questions.



Harriet

Mrs Evans
1 So ten people have sent cards

Pardon? How many people have sent cards?
2 I met David’s friend yesterday

What? Whose____________________________
3 You can keep these photos.

Photos? Which ___________________________
4 Those flowers look lovely.

Do they? Which __________________________
5 Fifty pounds went missing.

Missing? How much_______________________
6 I passed Mark’s house earlier.

Pardon? Whose___________________________
7 The doctor has four children.

Really> How many _______________________


Prepositions in Wh-questions


  1. Who are you waiting for? – Rachel.

What’s Nick laughing at? – Oh, one of Tom’s jokes.

Where are you from?/Where do you come from?- Bombay.



  1. What…. for? (Для чего? Зачем? ) What did you buy this computer magazine for?- To read about business software. What are these bricks for? – We are going to build a wall.

(Why?) Why are they digging up the road?

What … like? What was the party like? What’s the place like where you live?

What does your friend look like? –She’s very tall and blond.



How …? (asking about someone’s well-being) How are you? How are you getting on in your new job? How are you getting on at school/college, etc?



Exercise 5. Put in the question. Use what and put the preposition in brackets at the end.


  1. - Tom is smiling. He’s pleased. (about)

  • Yes, he is. What is he pleased about?

  1. - I am busy today. I’m getting ready (for)

  • ____________________________________

  1. - I’ve done something awful. I’m ashamed. (of)

_____________________________________________

  1. - Haven’t you heard of Kitty Beamish? She’s famous. (for)

No, I haven’t .__________________________

  1. - Mark is annoyed. He’s going to complain. (about)

____________________________________________

  1. - Emma’s in a hurry. She’s going to be late. (for)

_____________________________________________

  1. - I don’t feel very relaxed. I feel nervous.

_____________________________________________

Exercise 6. Trevor has just come home from work. Complete the conversation. Put in for, how, like, what.


  • Hello, my love. ______ are you?

  • Hello. I’m all right, but I’m in a bit of a rush getting ready for the barbecue.

  • Er, I forgot to tell you that I invited two more people.

  • ________________ are you telling me now? ___________? I’ve bought all the food. I just hope there’s enough. Anyway, who are these people? ___________ are they? _________?

  • They’re friends of Harriet’s. They’re very nice people. And after all, _____________ are parties _______? To meet new people.

  • It isn’t a party. It’s a barbecue. __________’s the weather going to be ________?

  • The forecast said it’s going to be perfect. Warm and dry.

  • Good. And _______________was your day?

  • Oh, not too bad. Busy as usual.

Exercise 6. Use the prompts to make a question. Then choose answer A,B or C.

Example: you know/ what/ be/ the capital of Argentina? -Do you know what the capital of Argentina is?

  1. you know/ how long/ be/ the River Nile?

2. you know/ where/ be Lake Titicaca?

3. you know/ what colour/ be/ the flag of Mali?

4. you know/ how many states/ there be/ in Australia?

5. you know/ how high/ be/ Mount Everest?

6. you know/ what/ be/ the capital of the Republic of Gambia?

7. you know/ how many/ has got/ official languages/ Switzerland?

8. you know/ what/ be/ the Finnish name for Finland?

9. you know/ what/ be the population of the Republic of San Marino?


Ex. A Montevideo B Buenos Aires C Valparaiso

1. A 6,695 km B 8,695 km C 10,695 km

2. A between Bolivia and Peru B in central Asia C on an island near Hawaii

3. A red, white and blue stripes B green, yellow and red stripes C blue and white stripes

4. A 12 B 9 C 8

5. A 6,848 metres B 7,848 metres C 8,848 metres

6. A Conakry B Thimphu C Banjul

7. A 4 B 3 C 2

8. A Republika e Shqiperse B Suomen tasavalta C Eesti Vabariik

9. A about 270,000 B about 27,000 C about 2,7 million



Check the answers. Ex. B 1.A 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.C 6. C 7.A 8.B 9.B
Exercise 7. Rewrite each question beginning as shown. Check the factual answers.

Example: Where is Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantyslliogogogoh?- Do you know where Llanfairp(etc) is?

1. Is it the name of a real place? Do you have any idea _________________________________?

2. Was it an invented name? Can you tell me ________________________________________?

3. Why did they decide to make up a name? I wonder _________________________________?

4. What do the local people say? Could you tell me ___________________________________?

5. Where does the name Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatau come from? Do you have any idea _______________________________________________?

6. How do you pronounce it? Dou you know ________________________________________?

7. What does it mean? Do you understand __________________________________________?

8. Which language is this word from? Can you tell me _________________________________?

9. What’s the longest place name in your country? Could you tell me_____________________?


LLANFAIRPWLLGWYNGYLLGOGERYCHWYRNDROBWLLLLANTYSlLIOGOGOGOH is according to one source the longest place name in the world, with 58 letters. It is a town in

North Wales meaning 'St Mary's Church in the hollow of the white hazel near to the rapid whirlpool of Llantysilio of the red cave Ol' 'St Mary's (Church) by the white aspen over the whirlpool, and St Tysilio's (Church) by the red cave in Welsh. Local people

apparently invented the name for the railway station in order to encourage tourism.

TAUMATAWHAKATANGIHANGAKOAUAUOTAMATEATURIPUKAKAPIKIMAUNGAHORONUKUPOKAIWHENUAKITANATAHU is the name of a hill in Southern Hawke's Bay

in New Zealand. Taumata was a Maori chief, and the word apparently means 'The summit of the hill”, where Taumata, who is known as the land eater, slid down, climbed up and swallowed mountains, and played on his nose flute to his loved one.

Negative Questions





  1. Negative yes/no questions.

Express:

  • surprise: Haven’t you done it yet? Don’t the children want the ice-cream?

  • a complaint or an impolite request: Can’t you sit down? You’re blocking the way.

  • instead of a tag question: Aren’t you a friend of Harriet’s? (You’re a friend of Harriet’s, aren’t you?)

Answers: - Yes – a positive answer: Haven’t you repaired your car yet? – Yes, I did it yesterday.

Haven’t you repaired your car yet? – No, sorry. I haven’t had time.




  1. Negative wh-questions

Express:

  • suggestion: Why don’t you put the shelves up now? – Well, all right.

Why don’t we sit on the balcony? – Good idea.

  • criticism: Why didn’t you do that yesterday?

  • asking for information: Who hasn’t checked their baggage in? – Oh, I haven’t. Sorry.

What don’t you understand? – This paragraph here.




Exercise 8.Complete the conversations using the words in brackets.


  1. - I walked home from the town centre. (take/bus)

  • You mean you walked all the way? Didn’t you take a bus?

  1. – I think I’d like to lie down for a while. (feel/well)

  • Oh, dear. ____________________________

  1. - I’m looking forward to getting the photos you’ve sent. (arrive/yet)

- I sent them weeks ago._______________________________

  1. - I saw Rita, but she walked straight past me (say ‘hello’)

  • Without speaking to you? _______________________________

  1. – I never sit by the pool. I hate water. (swim)

  • Really? ____________________________

Put in yes or no.

  1. Didn’t Mike stop and give you a lift? - _______, he didn’t, but may be he didn’t see me.

  2. Aren’t you tired after working all day? - ___________, I feel fine.

  3. Didn’t you write the number down? - ___________, but I’ve lost the piece of paper.

  4. Haven’t you got an umbrella? - __________, it’s here in my bag.

  5. Couldn’t you get in to the opera? - ___________, we didn’t have the tickets.

Question tags (disjunctive questions)
Comment

Question
It’s a lovely day, isn’t it?



You haven’t heard a forecast, haven’t you?

  • Is – isn’t Bob is reading, isn’t he?

  • Am – aren’t I am right, aren’t I?

  • Are – aren’t They are nice, aren’t they?

  • Can – can’t Mary can dance, can’t she?

  • Could – couldn’t Kevin could play, couldn’t he?

  • Was – wasn’t Nancy was at school, wasn’t she?

  • Were – weren’t Mary and Tom were the best, weren’t they?

  • Must – mustn’t We must do it, mustn’t we?

  • Should – shouldn’t Paul should buy it, shouldn’t he?

  • Shall – shan’t We shall win, shan’t we?

  • Will – won’t They will come, won’t they?

  • Would – wouldn’t They would like to…, wouldn’t they?

  • Has (done) (Present Perf.) – hasn’t John has found it, hasn’t he?

  • Have (done) (Present Perf.) – haven’t Children have slept, haven’t they?

  • Had (done) (Past Perf.) – hadn’t We had left…, hadn’t we?

  • Like (V1) – don’t You like apples, don’t you?

  • Likes (V1+s) – doesn’t Fred likes football, doesn’t he?

  • Liked (Past S.) – didn’t She liked reading, didn’t she?

  • Came (Past S) – didn’t They came late, didn’t they?


There is a garden near your house, isn’t there?

She never tells lies, does she? (not)



Requests and suggestions:

Wait a moment, can/could you?



Imperatives: Don’t make any noise, will you?

After Let’s: Let’s sit in the garden, shall we?




Exercise 9. Add a positive tag to each sentence.

1. Madagascar isn’t in the Atlantic Ocean, ...? 2. Astronauts haven’t landed on Mars, …? 3. The climate won’t get any worse, …? 4. The Romans didn’t sail to America, …? 5. Chickens can’t fly, …? 6. The world’s population isn’t growing in all countries, …? 7. The first settlers on the British Isles weren’t the Romans, ,,,?



Add a negative tag to each sentence.

1. You were at the same school as Maria, …? 2. This is the way to the station, …? 3. They understand this problem, …? 4. Helen is coming to the party, …? 5. The bus took a long time, …? 6. You’ve forgotten to buy the ticket, …? 7. You know about cars, …?


Exercise 10. Complete the conversation. Put in tags.


1. He seldom reads the newspaper,…………………...?

2. You are Indian,……………………....?

3. Peggy didn't use the pencil,………………....?

4. Mary has answered the teacher's question, ………………….?

5. The boy is from Turkey, …………………...?

6. Sue wasn't listening, ………………………..?

7. Andrew isn't sleeping, ……………………………...?

8. Tom and Maria will arrive at Heathrow, …………………………….?

9. He's been to Texas, ………………………?

10. Dogs like meat, …………………………....?

11. There are some apples left, …………………………...?

12. Everybody was late,………………………...?

13. Let's go,……………………...?

14. Don't smoke,…………………………..?

15. He never sings in the bathroom, …………………….?

16. He'll never know,……………………..?

17. I think, he's from India,…………………………..?

18. Nobody saw them on Monday, ………………………….?

19. She is collecting stickers,………………………..?

20. We often watch TV in the afternoon,…………………………..?

21. You have cleaned your bike,………………………….?

22. John and Max don't like Maths,……………………………..?

23. Peter played handball yesterday,…………………………..?

24. They are going home from school,………………………..?

25. Mary didn't do her homework last Monday, ……………….?

26. He could have bought a new car, ………………………….?

27. Kevin will come tonight, …………………………....?

28. I'm clever,……………………..?



Exercise 12. Read the text about earthquakes. Then complete the questions for each answer.

Earthquakes

When an earthquake occurs, part of the Earth's surface moves. In fact, the surface of the Earth moves all the time. The tectonic plates which make up the surface press against each other very slowly. Over thousands of years, this movement creates great stress. In some places where the layers of rock are weak, this eventually causes a sudden movement – an earthquake. Thousands of earthquakes happen every day, but most are very small and cause no damage. A large Earthquake shakes buildings to the ground, or causes a tsunami wave. The effects are usually very serious. Severe earthquakes are common in southern Europe, and on I November 1755 a powerful earthquake hit the city of Lisbon in Portugal. Between 60,000 and 100,000 people

died. After the earthquake a tsunami struck the city, and there was also a fire, which caused nearly total destruction. People as far away as Finland felt the shock, and the tsunami

reached Barbados in the West Indies. Geologists now believe that the strength of the earthquake was as high as 9 on the Richter scale. This is the same strength as the Indian Ocean earthquake of 26 December 2004.


1. Part of the Earth's crust moves when an earthquake occurs.

What ____________________________________________?

2. The movement of tectonic plates creates this stress.

What ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­____________________________________________?

3. Thousands happen every day.

How many ________________________________________?

4. It shakes buildings or causes a tsunami wave.

What ____________________________________________?

5. On 1 November 1755.

When ____________________________________________?

6. Between 60,000 and 100,000

How many ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­________________________________________?

7. In Finland

In which distant country ­­­­­­______________________________?

8. That the strength of the earthquake was as high as 9 on the Richter scale.

What _____________________________________________?

9. On 26 December 2004.

When _____________________________________________?

10. 9 on the Richter scale

How strong ________________________________________?



Exercise 13. Mrs Peterson is the manager of a large firm. Today, she’s interviewing Miss Lamport for the position of Accountant Manager. Use question words from the list and the prompts below to ask and answer questions.

where, how much, which/what, how many, why, when, how long, how
Example. Mrs Peterson: Where did you study?

Miss Lamport: I studied at Bristol University.



  1. study? Bristol University

  2. subject/study? Mathematics

  3. course/last? Three years

  4. companies/you/ work for? Two

  5. you/hear/about this job? See/an advertisement in the newspaper

  6. want/to work/here? Hear/good things about the company

  7. you/expect/to be paid? About $20 000 a year

  8. you/be able to/start? Next month

  9. drive/car? No

  10. speak/foreign languages? Yes

  11. use/ computer? Yes

  12. enjoy doing in your spare time? Reading

  13. work well under pressure? No

  14. where/live? Linden Str, New York



Exercise 13. Translate the sentences into English.
1. Они удивились?

2. Кому Анна звонила?

3. Кто звонил Анне?

4. Правда ее платье выглядит классно?

5. Разве вы не слышали звонка? Я звонил 4 раза.

6. Мы не встречались раньше? Думаю, что да.

7. Разве он не ездил в Канаду?

8. Почему ты не закрыл двери?

9. Ты знаешь, когда начинается фильм?

10. Интересно, почему Анна ушла рано?

11. Ты знаешь, видел ли он тебя?

12. Полисмен спрашивает нас, куда мы идем?

13. Том хочет знать, в котором часу закрывается банк?

14. Он курит? Курил, но больше нет.

15. Энн не очень хорошо чувствует себя сегодня. Правда? Что вы говорите?

16. Том не опоздает, не правда и?

17. Сем должен сдать экзамены, не правда ли?

18. Они сердились, не правда ли? (Внимание!!! weren’t they но – were they not)

19. Вы не собираетесь работать сегодня, да? Да, не собираюсь.

20. Том не очень хорошо выглядит, да? Да, он выглядит ужасно.

21. Кто разбил чашку? Я.

22. У вас нет сигареты, не правда ли. Нет, есть. Вот, возьмите.

23.Вы не могли бы сделать для меня одолжение? Это зависит от того, что вы хотите.

24. Вы же не знаете где Анна, не правда ли? Извините, представления не имею.

25. Кто еще не видел фильм.

26. Вы говорили с ним или менеджер? Менеджер.

27. Вы поедете туда или ваша жена. Моя жена.

28. Что вы предпочитаете: чай или кофе? (1. Сейчас; 2. вообще)

29. Что он делает: отдыхает или работает?

30.Вы знаете, что было одето на Анне вчера?

31. Кого она боится?

32. Кто видел Пола?

33.Кого вы видели?

34. Разве вы не звонили вчера?

35. Где Джон? Почему его здесь нет?

36. Вам есть письмо. Да, где оно?

37. Эти туфли красивые, не правда ли? Да, очень красивые.

38. Том скоро будет здесь, не правда ли? Да, возможно.

39.Кому учитель поставил хорошую оценку?

40.Что он не понимает? (2 варианта)