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Задание 5 -Выберите предложения, в которых имеются придаточные:

1 подлежащее;

2сказуемое;

3дополнительное;

4 обстоятельственное;

5 определительное;

1 This differences can be connected in the way we have already discussed.

2 Whether individuals and society as a whole should always choose the same amount of education is a question in welfare economics.

3 The conclusion from table 12-3 is that women get paid less than men for the identical job.

4 The first reason is that different groups may get different shares (доли) of the high-paid jobs.

5 Economics analyses what, how, and for whom society produces.

6 Problems can also occur when one stage of productions depends on another stage.

7 Workers must concentrate on the tasks they do.

8 How the above questions are answered will depend on the type of economic system.

9 Another difference is that resources in planned economies belong to the state.

10 People buy goods with money they earn.



Задание 6-Выберите правильный перевод английского предложения.

1 The design the scientist had insisted upon was accepted by the commission.

a) Ученый настаивал, чтобы комиссия приняла этот проект.

b) Проект, на котором настаивал ученый, был принят комиссией.

c) Проект ученого был принят комиссией, т.к. настаивал на этом.

2 Information about the things people need will help firms to decide what to produce.

a) Люди помогут фирмам решить, что производить.

b) Информация поможет людям ,решить, какие вещи нужно производить.

c) Информация о вещах, которые нужны людям, поможет фирмам решить что производить.

3 The amount of money consumers have to spend depends on then income and wealth.

a) Сумма денег зависит от дохода и богатства потребителя.

b) Сумма денег, которую потребители должны истратить, зависит от их дохода и богатства.

c) Деньги, которые тратит потребитель, зависят от его дохода и богатства.

4 The main advantage of this type of a company is that it tends to have a large number of staff.

a) Основное преимущество такой компании – иметь многочисленный персонал.

b) Основное преимущество такого типа компании заключается в том, что она стремиться иметь многочисленный персонал.

c) Компания стремиться иметь многочисленный персонал.

5 That the problem can’t be solved at once depends on the opinion of the commission.

a) Проблема не может быть решена сразу.

b) Решение проблемы зависит от мнения комиссии.

c) То, что проблема не может быть решена сразу, зависит от мнения комиссии.

Задание 7 -К данным английским предложениям подберите соответствующую им по смыслу правильную глагольную форму.

1 The special system of training economists……..to produce well-prepared experts.

a) designed;

b) was designed;

c) is designed.

2 At our institute……scientific circles.

a) are;

b) have;


c) there are.

3 Books on various subjects……through the library/

a) obtain;

b) be obtained;

c) are obtained.

4 The teaching of Statistics…..according to the syllabus.

a) arranged;

b) is arranged;

c) arranges.

5 The authorities of University……school hours almost equally between lectures and practical studies.

a) are divided;

b) have been divided;

c) divided.

6 The undergraduates……general education subjects as well as special subjects.

a) are studied;

b) study;

c) have been studied.

7 I…..the University in 1997.

a) have entered;

b) was entered;

c) entered/

8 While I …. At the bank I attended the preliminary courses.

a) was worked;

b) was working;

c) have worked.

9 The computer…. In every field of national economy.

a) used;

b) is used;

c) is using.

10 New methods of computation……at the research centre.

a) have introduce;

b) was introduced;

c) were introduced.

11 She…..to become economists.

a) goes;

b) went;


c) is going.

12The floor in the bedroom……with a beautiful carpet.

a) covers;

b) is covered;

c) is covering.

13 He said he ….. at our University.

a) will study;

b) would study;

c) studies.

14 She couldn’t believe that he…..nothing about their experiments.

a) knows;

b) will know;

c) had known.

Задание 8 -Запишите номера предложений, в которых употребляется сослагательное наклонение.


1 If you studied hard you world pass the exams successfully.

2 If he has more free time he will be able to learn English.

3 If you reduce the order they will increase the price.

4 If were you I would be interested in producing these goods.

5 If you are free time we shall go to the park tomorrow.

6 She looked as if she knew everything.

7 He ordered that everybody be present at the meeting.

8 If he had come in time he would have seen this man.


Задание 9 -Выберите правильный перевод, соответствующий английскому предложению.


1 Tom would buy a car if he had more money.

a) Том купил бы автомобиль, если у него было бы больше денег.

b) Том купит автомобиль, если у него будет больше денег.

c) Том купил бы автомобиль, если у него было бы больше денег в прошлом году.

2 She would be able to find a better job if she knew English.

a) Она найдет лучшую работу, если будет знать английский.

b) Она может найти лучшую работу, если знает английский.

c) Она смогла бы найти лучшую работу, если бы знала английский.

3 We have not any money if we do not work.

a) У нас нет денег, если мы не работаем.

b) У нас не будет денег, если мы не будем работать.

c) У нас не было бы денег, если бы мы не работали.

4 If he could come he would take part in making decisions.

a) Если он придет, он примет участие в принятии решения.

b) Если он сможет прийти, он примет участие в решениях.

c) Если бы он смог прийти, он принял бы участие в принятии решений.



Задание 10 -Выберите модальный глагол или его эквивалент, соответствующий английскому предложению.

1 He knows English well. He … translates this article next week.

a) must;

b) has to;

c) will have to.

2 You….go home if you feel ill.

a) may;

b) has to;

c) is able.

3 You…..go in for sports if you want to be strong and healthy.

a) must;

b) may;

c) could.

4 I….finish this work yesterday.

a) may;

b) had to;

c) is able.

5 You ….. bring me this book as soon as possible, I need it.

a) must;

b) can;

c) may.

6 I …. not ring you up yesterday. Something was wrong with my telephone.



a) can;

b) must;

c) could.

Задание 11-Выберите функции причастий, соответствующие данным предложениям.

1 The question begin too difficult, no one could answer it

2 Gas consist of a number of particles moving at a tremendous spend.

3 While melting the snow keeps the same temperature.

4 Operating characteristics of goods are usually given in graphical forms.

5 Being started in time, the preparations for the test are over.

6 The radio set bought by you is often out of order.

7 An electronic computer forms a complex device when viewed as a whole.

a) правое определение;

b) левое определение (действительный залог);

c) независимый причастный оборот;

d) обстоятельство.



Задание12 -К подчеркнутой грамматической конструкции подберите соответствующий русский перевод.

1 The article having been read we knew the subject much better.

a) так как мы прочли статью;

b) так как статья была прочитана;

c) прочитанная нами статья;

d) мы прочитали статью.

2 Having stopped the computer he left the shop.

a) останавливая компьютер;

b) останавливающийся компьютер;

c) остановленный компьютер;

d) остановив компьютер.

3 The operating machine was installed in the shop.

a) работающая машина;

b) машина, на которой работают;

c) работа машины;

d) машина работает.

4 Having installed the new computer we obtained the results of the calculations quicker.

a) установив новый компьютер;

b) после установленного нового компьютера;

c) после устанавливаемого нового компьютера;

d) за установкой нового компьютера.

Задание 13 -Make up sentences using the following words and word combinations:

a) 1 On criminal law, yesterday, two articles, translated, I.

2 hears, in this country, the Supreme Court, cases, the most important.

3 passes, that, Parliament, it is, new laws.

4 equal, elections, are.

5 on Labour law, many students, at the lecture, there will be.

b) 1 a lot of questions, the teacher, ask, the students of our group, did?

2 make, how many, this student, did, mistakes?

3 wants, a lawyer, to become, whose friend?

4 an investigator, your friend, is?

5 crime, Criminology, deal with, and, its various aspects, does?

Задание 14 -Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense-form:

a) The Prosecutor’s Office ( to investigate) criminal cases, collects, evidence, and so on.

b) Cases (to try) in public and proceedings are oral.

c) The accused (to have) the right to defense.

d) He (to imprison) for the crime committed.

e) Justice (to administer) by courts of all instances.

f) I (to be) a lawyer when I (to graduate) from the Academy.

Задание15 - Open the brackets using Participle I or Participle II. Translate the sentences.

a) He was (to sentence) for the offence (to charge).

b) While (to read) this text we learned a lot of new expressions.

c) The act (to do) was (to define) as a crime.

d) The man (to answer) the judge’s questions is the defendant.

e) (To pass) a sentence for the crime (to commit) the court not only punishes the criminal, but also reeducates him.

f) When (to ask) about this event, he told us a lot of important facts.

Задание16 - Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a) The Prosecutor’s Office; persons in office; to see to it, according to the law; to appeal against; to maintain prosecution; in the name of the state.

b) .………….is a state organ that ensures the correct application and observance of the state’s laws by all ministries, organizations,……………. and all the citizens. It also protects the personal rights of citizens. It investigates criminal cases, collects evidence against criminals and……………..that other investigating organs act…………………. .

c) The prosecutor has the right……………...any unlawful decisions and actions of state organs.................……. .

d) The prosecutor……………………before the court………………… .

V. Complete the sentences:

a) The Prosecutor’s Office also protects…… .

b) It investigates criminal cases, collects evidence against criminals and sees to it that…... .

c) The prosecutor has the right to appeal against any unlawful decisions and actions of state organs and…… .

d) The prosecutor maintains prosecution…… .



Задание17 -. Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

the Chairman of the Government; the President; two representatives; Justice; state integrity; the guarantor; the Head of State; the sovereignty; the consent; examination; elections; a democratic federative law – governed state; the Federal Assembly; deputies; two chambers, the legislative and the executive state government body; the Government; abroad; the courts; within the country; independence; determines; universal, equal, direct suffrage; the procedure; executive power; the representative and legislative body.

a) The Russian Federation – Russia is……………………….. with a republican form of government.

b) State power in the Russian Federation is exercised by……………, ………………., ……………………..……. and…………………… .

c) The President of the Russian Federation is ……………………. . The President is………………… of the Constitution and of human rights and freedoms. He takes measures to protect………………of Russia, its …………… and……………… .The President ……………….the basic objectives of the internal and foreign policy of the state. He represents the Russian Federation……………. and…………………. .

d) The President is elected for the term of four years by citizens of Russia on the basis of………………. by secret ballot.

e) …………………..for electing of the President is determined by federal law.

f) The Federal Assembly – parliament of the Russian Federation – is………………The Federal Assembly consists of……………………. – the Federation Council and the State Duma.

g) The Federation Council includes ………………… from each constituent entity: one from…………………and the other from…………………

h) The State Duma consists of 450 ………………. Any citizen of Russia over 21 years of age who has the right to participate in…………………..may be elected deputy of the State Duma.

i) Federal laws adopted by the State Duma are submitted for………………… by the Federation Council.

j) ……………………in Russia is exercised by the Government. The Government consists of…………………….., deputy chairmen of the Government and federal ministers.

k) The Chairman of the Government is appointed by the President with………………. of the State Duma.

l) ……………………….in the Russian Federation is administered only by court.



Задание18 -Complete the sentences:

a) The Russian Federation is…… .

b) State power in the Russian Federation is exercised by….. .

c) The President of the Russian Federation is…… .

d) He takes measures to protect…… .

e) The President determines…… .

f) He represents the Russian Federation…… .

g) The President is elected for the term of four years on the basis of……. .

h) The Federal Assembly is…… .

i) The Federal Assembly consists of…… .

j) The Federation Council includes…… .

k) The State Duma consists of…… .

l) Executive power in Russia is exercised by…… .

m) The Government consists of…… .

n) The Chairman of the Government is appointed by…… .

Задание19-. Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a) A criminal code, a system of rules, the social and state system, different branches of law, legislation on the labour, a leading branch, taxation, civil law, financial activity, state power, the right in property, constitutional law, the general principles of criminal responsibility.

b) Law is …………………established by the state. The main aim of law is to consolidate and safeguard………………………….. and its economic foundation.

c) The system of law in our country consists of………………………..

d) Constitutional law is………………of the whole system of law. Its principal source is the country’s Constitution. It deals with social structure, the state system, organization of……………….. and the legal status of citizens.

e) Administrative law is closely connected with………………. but it deals with legal forms of concrete executive and administrative activity of a government and ministers.

f) Financial law regulates the budget,………................., state credits and other spheres of…………………

g) …………………………is connected with relations in the economic sphere of social life, with relations involving property, its distribution and exchange. ……………………..is the central institution of civil law.

h) The rules of labour law include the …………………………of industrial and office workers and regulate matters arising from labour relations.

i) Criminal law defines……………………………………., individual types of crimes and punishment applied to criminals. Criminal law takes the form of……………….. consisting of a general and special part.



Задание20 - Complete the sentences:

a) The main aim of law is…… .

b) The system of law in our country consists of…… .

c) Constitutional law is…… .

d) Constitutional law deals with…… .

e) Administrative law deals with…… .

f) Financial law regulates….. .

g) Civil law is connected with….. .

i) The rules of labour law include…… .

j) Criminal law defines…… .

k) Criminal law takes the form of a criminal code which consists of…… .

Задание 21 -Choose the correct form of the Infinitive and fill in the blanks. Translate the sentences.

1 The case must……………………. by now.

a) be considered

b) have been considered

c) have considered

2 The first person……………………………..was the eye-witness of the road accident.

a) to interview

b) to be interviewed

c) to have been interviewed

3 The criminal ……………………………..was taken to prison.

a) to be arrested

b) to have arrested

c) to have been arrested

4 The investigator was…………………………….the crime.

a) to solve

b) to be solved

c) to have solved

5 The expert supposes that both crimes might………………………by the same person.

a) be committed

b) have been committed

c) have committed

Задание 22 -Make up sentences with Complex Subject using the following words and word combinations. Translate the sentences.

a) A minor offence, the boy, to have committed, was reported.

b) At all, is likely, the accused, no punishment, to receive.

c) Next week, the trial, to be held, is unlikely.

d) To recognize, the witness, the criminal, is supposed.

e) The crime, to have solved, the investigator, is said.



Задание23 -Open the brackets. Translate the sentences.

a) The public expected the accused (be discharged, to be discharged).

b) We saw the judge (to leave, leave) the court.

c) The accused wanted his case (be tried, to be tried) with a jury.

d) The accused asked his barrister (to make, make) a statement.

e) The witness heard the offender (to threaten, threaten) the victim.

f) I make my daughter (to help, help) me.

Задание24- Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, using Participles I. Translate the sentences.

a) The case (to try) by the city court now is of great educational value.

b) (To try) the case the judge left the court.

c) (To investigate) the case was passed over to the court.

d) Civil law is a system of rules (to regulate) property relations.

e) The hearing of the case (to be over), the judge closed the trial.

f) The Supreme Court of the USA consists of 9 judges, one justice (to appoint) as the Chief Justice.

g) The criminal (to arrest) quickly, the investigation didn’t last long.



Задание25-Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, using Participles I or Gerunds. Analyzing forms. Translate the sentences.

a) The juvenile was found guilty of (to commit) a murder.

b) One of the aims of the police is (to eradicate) crime.

c) Upon (to receive) the summons, the witness must appear before the investigator or in court.

d) The task of criminal law is (to protect) the social and state system, (to exist) law and order against criminal encroachments.

e) The boys (to arrest) did not surprise us.

f) The Senate is composed of 100 members, the senators (to elect) for a term of 6 years.

Задание26 - Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

the burden of proof, lay persons, to give a verdict, to bring evidence, to be compelled, to criminate, voluntary confessions, barristers, solicitors, to presume

a) All judicial trials are held in open court, the parties having the right to be represented and to have their interests defended by ………………..and ……………….. . A criminal trial can take place only in the presences of the accused.

b) ………………..is upon the accuser. The person making a charge must ………………..to prove that the accused was in fact guilty. If he fails to do so, there is «no case» against the accused. Every person ………………..to be innocent until he has been proved to be guilty.

c) In all serious cases the accused must be tried not by a judge alone, but by a jury. A jury may be defined as a body of ………………..(usually twelve) summoned ………………..on oath.

d) Another rule of English criminal procedure is that no accused person can ……………….. ……………….. Even ……………….. are received with great caution.

e) The judgment of the court becomes the material for the future development of the law.

Задание27-Complete the following sentences:

a) In all judicial trials the parties have the right to be represented by………………. .

b) A criminal trial can take place only in the presence of………………. .

c) The burden of proof is upon………………. .

d) Every person is presumed to be innocent until………………. .

e) A jury may be defined as s body of lay persons summoned………………. .

f) Another rule of English criminal procedure is that no accused person can………………. .

g) The judgment of the court becomes………………. .



Задание28 - Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations:

a constitutional monarchy, hereditary, resides, the Sovereign, a major issue, a legal document, the duration of Parliament, the statutory period, a borough constituency, by popular vote, to resign, to dissolve Parliament.

a) There is no single ………………. setting forth and defining the British Constitution. It is usually said to be unwritten. It is known to be based on a number of statutes, laws, traditions and customs assembled over a long period of time. One of the earliest laws, dating from 1215, is known as Magna Carta, which provides among other things for the equal administration of justice.

b) Britain is ……………….………………., in which the crown is……………….. The legislative power ……………….in the Parliament which consists of the ………………., the House of Commons and the House of Lords.

c) The executive power belongs to ………………., but it is entrusted to the Cabinet of Ministers. When it is known which Parliamentary party has the majority in a newly elected House of Commons, the Sovereign must order the leader of that Party to become Prime Minister and form a Government.

d) If the Government is defeated in the House of Commons on………………., it must……………….or call on the Sovereign…………….and hold a new election.

e) The House of Commons consists of members elected by ……………….representing the counties and ………………. The number of members at present is 625.

f) The House of Lords consists of the Lords «spiritual and temporal». In the full House of Lords there are some 850 members.

g) ……………….for……………….is 5 years. The life of Parliament can be extended by Act of Parliament.

Задание29 - Fill in the blanks with the following words and word combinations: the principal judicial organ, in accordance with, automatic access, to comply with, conventions in force, the Security Council, the General Assembly, to call upon, obligations, legal matters, judging legal deputes.

a) The International Court of Justice established by the Charter of the United Nations is……………….of the United Nations. The Court functions……………….the provisions of the Statute which is a part of the United Nations Charter and every member state of the United Nations therefore has ……………….to the Court. Every member is pledged………………. the decisions of the Court in a case to which it is a party.

b) The jurisdiction of the Court covers all cases which the parties may refer to it, and all matters specially provided for the Charter or in treaties and…………. It consists of 15 judges elected by…………….and…………., all of them being elected on the basis of their qualifications, not on the basis of their nationality.

c) The hearing of the cases is under the control of the President or Vice-President, the latter being elected by the Court itself.

d) The representation of the case having been completed, the President declares the hearing closed, and the Court withdraws to consider the judgment.

e) The judgment is final and without appeal. One of the parties having failed to perform its………………., the other party in the case can……………….the Security Council to determine measures to be taken.

f) In addition to……………the Court gives advice on………….referred to it by the General Assembly, the Security Council and other organs which have been authorized by the General Assembly to request such advice. The Court sits at the Hague in the Netherlands.

Задание 30 - Complete the following sentences:

a) The International Court Of Justice is……………….

b) The Court functions in accordance with ……………….

c) Every member state of the United Nations has ……………….

d) Every member is pledged to comply with the decisions of the court in a case ……………….

e) The jurisdiction of the Court covers ……………….

f) It consists of 15 judges elected by ……………….

g) The hearing of the cases is under the control of ……………….

h) The judgment is final and ……………….

i) In addition to judging legal disputes ……………….

j) The Court sits ……………….

4. Контрольные задания для прмежуточнного контроля студентов
Вариант №1

The Courts in our Country

The court is an organ of state that administers justice on the basis of the laws of the state.

There are courts of first instance and second instance. A court of first instance examines a case in substance and brings in a sentence or a judgment. A court of second instance examines appeals and protests against sentences and judgments of courts of first instance. However, any court may sit as a court of first instance.

The basic judicial organ is the district court. It tries both criminal and civil cases. The district court consists of a judge and two assessors. Cases are tried in public and proceedings are oral. The participants in the trial (the victim, the accused, the plaintiff, the defendant and others) speak in open court. The accused has the right to defense.

The higher courts are city courts, regional courts and others. These courts hear and determine more important cases. They also sit as courts of appeals.

The highest judicial organ is the country's Supreme Court supervising the activities of all the judicial organs of the state.

As a court of first instance it tries the most important criminal and civil cases. It also hears appeals against sentences and judgments of lower courts.



Instance

– Инстанция

Examines a case

– Рассматривать дело

Judgment

– Решение суда

Assessors

– Заседатель

Proceedings

– Процедура

Oral

– Устный

The victim

– Потерпевший

The accused

– Обвинять

The plaintiff

– Истец

Determine

– Решать, определять

Supervising

– Осуществляющий

Activities

– Деятельность

Упражнение № 1

Ответьте на вопросы:

а) Do there courts hear and determine more important cases?

б) What is the highest judicial organ supervising the activities of all the state?

в) What is the main faction of the supreme court of state?

г) The court is an organ of state that administers justice on the basic of not the lows of the state, is not it?

д) The accused hasn’t the right to defense, does he? 

е) Does a court of first instance examine a case in substance and bring in a sentence are judgment?

Упражнение № 2

Переведите на русский язык:

а) To ad minister justice.

б) To examine a case in substance.

в) To bring in a sentence or a judgment.

г) Examines appeals.

д) Fried in public.

е) Right to defense.

Упражнение № 3

Найдите в тексте Participle 1 – переведите, определив функцию.

 

Упражнение № 4



Прочитайте из текста предложения с оборотом there + to be.

Упражнение № 5

Соотнесите слова:

 


а) Defendant

1. Устанавливать

б) To pass a low

2. Рассматривать

в) To appeal against

3. Обжаловать

г) To consider a case

4. Применять закон

д) To establish

5. Ответчик

 

Упражнение № 6

Выберите предложения подходящие к тексту:

а) The higher courts are city courts, regional courts and other.

б) As a court of first instance it tries the most important criminal and civil cases.

в) More recent means of execution include the firing squad and the electric chair.

г) However any court may sit as a court of first instance.

д) New proposals must be adopted.



Упражнение № 7

Вставьте английские слова:

а) The court to a organ of state that отправлять правосудие on the basis of the lows of the state.

б) A court of first instance examines a case по существу.

в) The accused has the право на защиту.

г) It tries both criminal and гражданские дела.

д) These courts hear and решает more important case.

 

Вариант № 2

Criminal Law

Criminal Law is to provide protection for the Russian social and state system, personal property and the personal lights of citizens against criminal dangerous and must be regarded as crimes.

a. A person may be charged with criminal responsibility only when he has committed an act specially provided for in Criminal law.

b. Responsibility can exist only in the presence of guilt.

c. Criminal .punishment shall be applied only by .sentence of the court.

d. Persons committing crimes in a state of intoxication are not released from criminal responsibility.

e. The death sentence may be passed as an exceptional penalty in cases specifically enumerated in law.

Criminal laws, like all other laws of the stale, are obligatory for all citizens. Criminal laws determine general principles of combating crime as well as the corpus delicate crimes and the punishment applied to persons who have committed these crimes. Only the highest organ of state power may enact
criminal laws. No other organ has the right to approve or amend criminal laws.

Criminal law usually takes the form of a criminal code, which consists of a general and a special part. The General Part determines the general principles of criminal responsibility for each crime. It defines the grounds for criminal responsibility, the scope of criminal law. the general (main) elements of a crime, the responsibility for a completed or in completed crime, and for complicity in crime; it sets forth the purposes of punishment, lists penalties, and establishes the procedure of the application, release from punishment and so on. The Special Part defines the types of crime and prescribes the penalties.

To provide protection – Защищать

Defines – Определять, устанавливать

Regarded - Внимание, уважение

Principles – Принцип, правило

Exist – Существовать

Intoxication – Опьянение

Punishment – Наказание

Applied – Прикладной

Released – Освобождать

Exceptional – Исключительный

Enumerated – Перечислять

Combating – Сражаться

Enact – Предписание

Amend – Исправлять

Purposes – Цель

Упражнение № 1

Ответьте на вопросы:

а) What is the aim of criminal law?

б) What are the principles of criminal law?

в) What organs may enact laws?

г) What form does criminal law take?

д) What is the difference between the general and Special Part of criminal law?

 

Упражнение № 2

Найдите в тексте инфинитив и определите его форму.

 

Упражнение № 3



Уберите из текста пару предложений без ущерба для смысла.

  

Упражнение № 4



Найдите ошибки в соответствии с текстом:

а) Civil Law defines the acts which are socially dangerous and must be regarded as crimes.

б) Only the district court of state power may enact criminal laws.

в) Criminal law usually takes the form of a criminal code, which consists of only part.



Упражнение № 5

Соотнесите слова:

 


а) Regarded as crimes

1. Уголовное наказание

б) Criminal Law

2. Внимание к преступлению

в) Criminal punishment  

3. Совершение этого преступления

г) Committed these crimes

4. Уголовная ответственность

д) Criminal responsibility

5. Уголовное право

Упражнение № 6

Продолжите предложение:

а) Criminal law defines the acts which socially dangerous and must ............

б) Responsibility can exist only in the …………..

в) Persons committing crimes in a state of intoxication are not………….

г) No other organ has the right to approve ………...

д) The Special Part defines the types of crime and …………



Упражнение № 7

Переведите на русский язык:

а) For a completed or incomplete crime.

б) The purpose of punishment.

в) Prescribes the penalties.

г) Defines the acts.

д) The presence of quilt.



Вaриант № 3

Unity of Judicial System

Unity of judicial system of the Russian Federation is ensured by: establishment of judicial system of the Russian Federation by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Constitutional Law; observance of the rules of court procedure established by federal laws by all federal courts and Justices of the Peace;

application of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws, federal laws universally recognized principles and norms of the international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation, and also constitutions (by-laws) and other laws of the subjects of the Russian Federation by all courts; acceptance of compulsory execution of judicial decisions, which came into legal force, on the whole territory of the Russian Federation; legislative securing of the unity of judicial status; financing of federal courts and Justices of the Peace from federal budget.

Ensured – Обеспечивать, гарантировать

Establishment – Ответственность

Observance – Соблюдение, исполнение

Application – Заявление, применение

Recognized – Узнавать, признавать

Treaties – Обращение

Acceptance – Принимать

Compulsory – Принудительный, обязательный

Force – Сила, заставлять

Budget – Бюджет



Упражнение № 1

Переведите на русский язык:

а) Judicial system.

б) Federal Constitutional Law.

в) Justices of the Peace.

г) Federal budget.

д) Financing of federal.



Упражнение № 2

Уберите предложения, не относящиеся к тексту:

а) Universally recognized principles and norms of the international law and international treaties of the RF.

б) Only one judge is usually required to hear and decide a case in a district court.

в) However any court may sit as a court of first instance.

г) Financing of federal courts and justices of the Peas from federal budget.

д) Federal courts are the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation Supreme Courts of the republics, regional (Kraj, coul, oblast) courts and offers.



Упражнение № 3

Выберите одно предложение, отражающее всю суть и идею текста.

Упражнение № 4

Найдите в тексте придаточное определительное и переведите его.

Упражнение № 5

Закончите мысль:

а) Observance of the rules of court procedure established by federal ………

б) Acceptance of compulsory execution of judicial concision’s ………….

в) Financing of federal courts and Justices of the ………



Упражнение № 6

Выберите из текста все предложения говорящие о:

а) О федеральных конституционных законах;

б) О финансировании судов.

Упражнение №7

Составьте диалог с партнером отражающий идею текста.

Вариант № 4

The Judicial System of the USA.

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial organ of the United States and the head of the judicial branch.

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice of the USA and such a member of Associate Justices as may be fixed by the Congress. Power to nominate the Justices is vested in the President and appointments are made with the consent and on the advice of the Senate. The appointments are made for life that is a Justice cannot be dismissed from his post. A Justice may if he so desires, retire at the age of 70 after serving 10 years as a Federal Judge or at the or at the age of 65 after 15 years of service. The Supreme Court has the right to declare unconstitutional any law passed by the Congress or any order issued by the President.

In the USA there is a division into eleven judicial circuits, each one being served with a Federal Court of Appeals.

There are about ninety district courts in different parts of the United States. The district courts are the lowest ones in the Federal Court system. Most of the criminal and civil cases are tried by these courts. Each district court has from one to eighteen Federal district judges, the number depending on the amount of work within its territory. Only one judge is usually required to hear and decide a case in a district court. Cases tried in the district courts may be appealed in one of the eleven Courts of Appeals and in the Supreme Court. The decision of the Supreme Court is final. Each state has his own system of courts similar to that of the Federal courts.

Chief justice – Главный судья

Associate justices – Сообщество судей

Fixed by – Назначенный

Desires – Желать

Retire – Уходить, отходить

Depending – Зависеть

Within – В пределах

Required – Требовать

Similar – Похожий, сходный

Упражнение № 1

Соотнесите перевод и слова:

а) Верховный округ 1. Судебный округ

б) Judicial circuits 2. District court

в) Районный суд 3. Объявлять

г) Civil case 4. Supreme Court

д) Declare 5. Гражданское дело



Упражнение № 2

Найдите в тексте и прочитайте:

а) Какие дела рассматривает районный суд;

б) Сколько судебных округов в США;

в), Какая роль отведена конгрессу в судебной ветви власти.



Упражнение № 3

Исправьте ошибки:

а) The Supreme Court is the lowest judicial organ of the USA.

б) Power to nominate the justices is vested in the Vice-President.

в) In the USA there is a division into twenty judicial circuits.

г) Only criminal cases are tried by the district courts.

Упражнение № 4

Ответьте на вопросы:

а) What are the higher courts?

б) The district courts tries only criminal cases does’ not it?

в) What are the courts are fried most of the criminal and civil cases?

г) How are cases tried in a district court?

д) How many are judicial circuits in the USA?



Упражнение № 5

Вставьте пропущенные слова:

а) The Supreme Court the ………… of the judicial branch.

б) Power to nominate the justices …………… in the President.

в) In the USA there is a division into ………….. ……………. Circuits.

г) The district courts are the ………… ones in the Federal court system.

д) Each state has his own system of courts similar to that of the …………. .



Упражнение № 6

Укажите предложения, не относящиеся к тексту:

а) The Supreme Court consists of the chief justice.

б) Cases are tried in public and proceedings are oral.

в) In the USA there is a division into eleven judicial circuits.

г) The higher courts are city courts regional courts and others.

д) Only one judge is usually required to hear and decide a case in a district court.



Вариант № 5

The System of Law in our Country

Law is a system of rules established by the state. The main aim of law is to consolidate and safeguard the social and state system and its economic foundation.

The system of law- in our country consists of different branches, of law.

Constitutional law is a leading branch of the whole system of law. Its principal source is the country's Constitution. It deals with social structure, the state system, organization of state power and the legal status of citizens.

Administrative law is closely connected with constitutional law but it deals with legal forms of concrete executive and administrative activity of a government and ministries.

Financial law regulates the budget, taxation, state credits and other spheres of financial activity.

Civil law is connected with relations in the economic sphere of social life, with relations involving property, its distribution and exchange. The right in property is the central institution of civil law.

The rules of labour law include the legislation on the labour of industrial and office workers and regulate matters arising from labour relations.

Criminal law defines the general principles of criminal responsibility, individual types of crimes and punishment applied to criminals. Criminal law takes the form of a criminal code consisting of a general and special part.

Law - право

Criminal law - уголовное право

Civil law - гражданское право

Labour law - трудовое право

a branch of law - отрасль права

a judge - судья

a judgement - решение суда

a sentence - приговор суда

to pass a sentence - вынести приговор

a court - суд (как заведение)

a district court - районный суд

the Supreme Court - Верховный Суд

trial - суд (как процесс)

a case - дело (судебное)

to try (to consider, to examine) a case - рассматривать дело

to hear (heard) a case - слушать дело

to determine case - выносить приговор,

выносить решение по делу

criminal - преступный, уголовный

a criminal - преступник

to administer justice - отправлять правосудие

an accused – обвиняемый

a victim - потерпевший

a defendant - ответчик, обвиняемый

a plaintiff - истец

a deputy - депутат

an organ - орган

a legislative organ - законодательный орган

an executive organ - исполнительный орган

a judicial organ - судебный орган



Упражнение № 1

Соотнесите слова и перевод:

а) Labour law 1. Вынести приговор

б) To pass a sentence 2. Право на имущество

в) Trial 3. Рассматривать дело

г) A right in property 4. Трудовое право

д) To try a case 5. Суд (как процесс)



Упражнение № 2

Выберите предложение подходящие по смыслу к тексту:

а) The right in property is the central institution of civil low.

b) The General Part determines the general principles of criminal responsibility for each crime.

c) The main aim of low is to consolidate and state guard the social and state system and its economic foundation.

d) Every citizen has the right to complain to the procurator concerning any violation of the low.

e) The system of low in our country consists of different branches of low.



Упражнение № 3

Подберите русские эквиваленты слов и выражений из текста.

a) to establish a system

b) a branch of law

c) the principal source of law

d) to deal with

e) the right in property

f) rules of law

g) industrial (office) workers

h) to arise from

i) individual types of crimes

j) to apply punishment to a person

k) to take the form of a code

l) a general (special) part

Упражнение № 4

Найдите в тексте абзацы, в которых говорится:

а) об основной функции права;

b) о различных отраслях права (конституционном, финансовом и др.)

Упражнение № 5

Найдите в тексте:

a) несколько групп существительного;

b) Participles I and II, объясните их перевод;

c) глаголы в форме Present Indefinite Passive.

Объясните Ваш вариант перевода этих явлений.


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