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I don’t know why they disliked her. There was certainly no beauty about her to make the others envious. She was the plainest woman in the house and one of her shoulders was bigger than the other. The servants disliked her. I think, because she liked to be alone. She read and worked when the rest talked. When it was her turn to go out, she went out by herself. Add to this, that plain as she was, there was something that wasn’t like a lady, about her. Maybe it was in her voice, maybe it was in her face. All I can say is that the first day she came into the house the other women said that Rosanna Spearman gave airs.

b) Describe the appearance of the woman (passage 1). What do you like in her appearance?
c) Say what you can about Rosanna’s appearance and behaviour. Why did the servants dislike her? Do you think their dislike was grounded?
IX. Compose 3 situations using the words and phrases:

1. tall, broad-shouldered, perfectly well-made, face, large blue eyes, regular features, a well-formed head, long black hair, to look young for one’s age, handsome

2. shapely figure, tall, to seem quite young, to speak in a sweet voice, thick black plaits, fine clever eyes, beautiful, a sweet face

3. long eyebrows, a slender boy, to look like a pretty girl in the dress of a boy, features, delicate, small, hands, to take after, hair, to cut short, fair, well-cut lips, full, regular, feet, complexion


X. a) Read the text, pick out and arrange in columns the words and phrases which characterize the person’s figure, face, eyes, lips, hair, manners, voice.

b) Use these words and phrases in sentences of your own.

All I could see by the moonlight was a colorless, youthful face, thin and sharp to look at about the cheeks and chin; large, grave, attentive eyes; nervous, uncertain lips; and light hair of a pale, brownish-yellow hue. There was nothing wild, nothing immodest in her manner: it was quiet and

self-controlled, a little melancholy and a little touched by suspicion; not exactly the manner of a lady, and, at the same time, not the manner of a woman in the humblest rank of life. The voice, little as I had yet heard of it, had something curiously still and mechanical in its tones, and the utterance was remarkable rapid. Her figure was slender, graceful and rather above the medium height – her gait and actions free from the slightest approach to extravagance. This was all that I could observe of her in the dim light and under the strange circumstances of our meeting.

XI. Read the passages and answer the questions.

A. Bosinney was of medium height and strong build with a pale, brown face, a dust-coloured moustache, very prominent cheekbones, and hollow cheeks. His forehead sloped back towards the crown of his head, and bulged out over the eyes, like foreheads seen in the lion-house at the Zoo. He had sherry-coloured eyes, inattentive at times. (J. Galsworthy)

B. At nineteen Val was a slender freckled youth with a wide mouth, light eyes, long dark lashes and a rather charming smile.

His “tutor” was a year older than himself, a good-looking youth, with fine brown eyes, and smooth dark hair, a small mouth, and oval face. (J. Galsworthy)

C. George looked at Elizabeth Paston. A slender figure in red silk with black, glossy hair drawn back from a high, intellectual forehead; large, very intelligent dark eyes; a rather pale, rather Egyp­tian-looking face with prominent cheekbones, slightly sunken cheeks, and full red lips; a nervous manner.
Her hands were slender, the line from her ear to her chin exquisite­ly beautiful. She smoked cigarettes too rapidly, and had a way of sitting with

a look of abstraction in a pose which showed off the lovely line of her throat and Jaw. Her teeth were a little irregular. The delicate ear was like a frail pink shell under her dark hair. Her bared arms and wrists were slender. (R. Aldington)


A. 1. Was Bosinney a tall man? 2. What was his face like? What colour was his moustache? What kind of cheeks and cheek­bones had he got? 3. What made his forehead look like that of a lion? 4. What sort of eyes had he got?

B. 1. What did Val look like at the age of nineteen? 2. How old was his "tutor"? 3” Was their difference in age noticeable? Why do you think so? (Why is the word "tutor" given in quotes?) 4. What made his "tutor" a good-looking youth?

C. 1. Whose appearance is described in this passage? 2. Is Eliza­beth Paston's appearance an ordinary one? 3. What is remarkable about it? (her figure, hair, forehead, eyes, face, lips, etc.)

XII. a) Read the passages and answer the questions.

A. The colonel is a fine-looking man. His hair is white. So is his

moustache. His face is cleanly shaven showing a bronzed complex­ion. The expression of his face is kind though firing

The colonel has three sons. Basil, the eldest of the boys, is seven­teen years of age. He is a fine-looking lad though not handsome. He looks very brave and strong. His hair is straight and black. He is, in fact, the son of his father.

How very unlike him is Lucien, the second of age. Lucien is deli­cate, with a light complexion and very fair hair. He is more like what his mother was, for she was a blonde.

The colonel's youngest son is a quick-witted, curly-haired boy — cheerful at all times.

B. Among the passengers there were two who interested me very much. One, a man of about thirty, was one of the tallest men 1 ever saw. He had yellow hair, a thick yellow beard, a handsome face and Targe eyes. His face made me think of someone 1 had seen before but at the time I could

not remember who it was. The big man's name was Sir Henry Curtis.

The other man was short, stout and dark. He was always very neat and clean-shaven; he always wore an eye-glass in his right eye, and he never

took it out. At first 1 thought he even slept in it, but 1 after­wards found that this was not so. He put it in his trousers pocket when he went to bed, together with his false teeth, of which he had two beautiful sets. (H. R. Haggard.)

C. Cedric was not tall, but broad-shouldered, long-armed and powerfully-made. His face was broad with large blue eyes, open and frank features, fine teeth and a well-formed head. He was frank but of a hasty temper. There was pride and jealousy in his eyes, for his life had been

spent in maintaining his rights. His long yellow hair was not yet grey, although he was almost sixty. {W. Scott}

D. Edward Reigart was a tall pale man of forty. His face spoke

of his cleverness and kindness. He made a good impression.

But how different was his companion! He looked like a fox; his face was selfish and cruel. He was a short man, thinly-built, but he did not look weak. He had black hair. His large-nosed face was death­ly pale. He was

about fifty. (Mayne Reid.)


A. 1. Can you imagine the colonel's appearance? 2. What colour was his hair? 3. Was his moustache of a different colour or of the same colour? 4. What was his complexion like? 5. What did his elder son Basil look like? 6- Were the two elder brothers very much alike? 7- Whom did Lucien take after?

B. 1. Whom did the author get interested in? 2. Were both of

the men tall? 3. What colour was the big man's hair? 4. What can you say about his face, eyes and beard? 5. What did the other man look like? 6. What did he wear in his right eye? 7. He had beautiful natural teeth, didn't he?

C. 1. Was Cedric small and narrow-shouldered? 2. What was his face like? 3. Why was there pride and Jealousy in his eyes? 4. What was his age? 5. Did he look his age? Why not?

D. 1. Why did Edward Reigart make a good impression on every­body? 2. What did his companion look like? 3. What can you say about his face? 4. Was he a tall man too? 5. Did his companion look weak? 6. Were the two men of the same age? 7. What was the difference in the appearance of the two men?


b) Give a short description of the colonel and his sons. Sir Henry Curtis and his fellow-traveler. Cedric. Edward Reigart and his companion.
XIII. Read the dialogues. Ask questions to each of the dialogue and answer them.


— If you are not too busy, come one evening and have dinner with us. I'll introduce you to all my people.

— Is your family large?

— Yes, our family is quite a big one. There are eight of us. I have two sisters and three brothers.

— Are your sisters as pretty as you are?

— Oh, they are both prettier than I am. Ruth is the prettiest girl l know. They both have long fair hair, but Ruth's hair is longer and fairer than Margaret's. Margaret is fatter than Ruth She doesn't like you to say she is fat; and we tell her she will get thinner when she gets older.

— Tell me about the others in your family, Frieda.

  • Well, the youngest and the smallest one is Fred; he is the baby of the family. He is only four. Then there are Hans and Peter, the twins. They are exactly as old as each other, thirteen, and exactly as tall as each other, and they are so like each other: that people can hardly tell one from the other.


— Why do you look so worried, Helen?

— The news of my daughter's engagement has nearly killed me in fact.

— I thought you liked John.

— I hardly know him. All that was so unexpected.

— You'll learn to love him when you know him better. I'm sure he'll prove to be a good husband and an affectionate son. I've known him for years.

— But he looks so strange. So very tall, with a small head flat at the top, too large green eyes, big ears and that long sharp nose of his. Besides he looks old for his age.

— Oh, you are exaggerating things. True, he's a bit too tall but his big green eyes are clever, intelligent eyes.

— I wish his face were not so ugly.

— Why, I like his face: there's something awfully nice about it. He isn't ugly at all, especially when he smiles and shows those perfect teeth of his.

— 1 thought Ella would choose Henry. He is serious and decided­ly handsome. They would make such a nice couple.

— You'll never make me agree with you. Henry is good-looking, indeed,

but there’s something unkind in the look of his grey eyes. I always feel uncomfortable when he looks at me. It’s wise of your daughter to have chosen John. Remember: Appearances are deceit­ful, a fair face may hide a foul soul.
XIV. a) Read the passage. Make up questions and answer them.

Mr. Priestley is not a young man, but he is not old. He is about forty-four years old. He is a good-looking man, tall, handsome, rath­er thin with dark-

brown hair just beginning to go grey. He is always very well-dressed, but quietly, in good taste. He usually wears suits of dark brown, dark blue or dark grey.

He speaks quietly and pleasantly but there is strength under his quietness, and every student in his class knows this. He is quiet and pleasant because he is strong. Strength is generally quiet; weakness often is not.

Mrs. Priestley is a pleasant-looking woman of about forty, with warm brown hair and soft dark-brown eyes. She is kind and gentle.

The Priestleys have two children, John and Margaret. John is eighteen, six foot tall, and a fine manly fellow. He is strong both in body and character, and quiet and thoughtful like his father.

Margaret is only eleven. She is a lovely little girl with golden hair and dark blue eyes and a spirit that is always bright and happy, full of joy and gaiety.
b) Give a short description of Mr. Priestley, Mrs. Priestley, John Pri­estley, Margaret.

c) In the passage you have read you came across the expression to go grey. Compare it with some other expressions of the same kind:

to go bald, to go mad. What is the meaning of the verb to go in this case?

XV. Following the plan given below describe one of your friends (ac­quaintances, etc.)

1. General appearance (tall or short or of medium height, below or above medium height, slender or stout, etc.)

2. Most noticeable features (complexion, hair, etc.)

3. Manners, behaviour or actions.

4. The way the person is usually dressed.

XXX. Explain the meaning of the proverbs:

1. Appearances are deceitful (or Never judge by appearances).

2. Judge not according to the appearance.

Do you agree with A. Chekhov’s words:

“Everything must be perfect in a person:

his face, his clothes, his soul and his thoughts”

XVI. Suggested topics for conversation:

1. Describe your friend's appearance.

2. Describe the appearance of a person who. (in your opinion) might attract everybody's attention.

3. Find a picture of some person with typical features and de­scribe it.

4. Describe the appearance, of a famous actor (actress, writer, composer,

etc.) without naming him (or her) so that your friends could guess who was described.

5. Try to find two characters of wholly different types and describe them. Point out the most striking features in their appearance.

6. What is more important in a person – his character or his appearance?

7. What is your ideal of beauty?

8. At your friend’s request you are going to meet a relative of his at the station. You have never seen that person and your fried tries to give all peculiarities of his relative’s appearance.

9. Portray a personage from a novel you have recently read.


I. Vocabulary

1. house – дом,

country house – загородный дом;

to keep the house – вести хозяйство

a multi-storied house – многоэтажный дом

2. home – дом, жилище

3. building – здание, постройка, строение

4. sky-scraper – небоскреб

5. roof – крыша

6. chimney – труба, дымоход

7. foundation /basement – фундамент,основание

8. storey/story – этаж

9. floor – 1) пол; to sweep the floor – подметать пол;

to scrub/to wash the floor – мыть пол

2) этаж; ground floor – нижний (первый, цокольный) этаж

10. cellar – подвал, погреб

11. garret, attic – чердак, мансарда

12. porch – крыльцо

13. entrance – вход

14. staircase – лестница

15. step – ступенька

16. door – дверь;

back door – черный ход;

front door – парадный ход

17. wall – стена;

painted walls –покрашенные стены;

papered walls – стены, оклеенные обоями

18. ceiling – потолок

19. window – окно;

window-sill – подоконник

20 .to face – выходить на…, быть обращенным в сторону

21. to look south (north) – быть обращенным к югу (северу)

22. flat – квартира;

a two-room flat – двухкомнатная квартира;

to move into a new flat – переехать в новую квартиру;

23. room – комната;

to tidy one’s room – прибирать комнату

24. hall – 1) зал, большая комната;

2) холл, передняя

25. living-room – общая комната

26. drawing-room / sitting-room – гостиная

27. bedroom – спальня

28. study – кабинет

29. nursery – детская (комната)

30. dining-room – столовая

31. kitchen – кухня

32. bath-room – ванная

33. water-closet – уборная

34. conveniences – удобства

35. convenient – удобный

36. to turn on the light – зажечь свет

37. to turn off the light – гасить свет

38. gas – газ;

to turn on / to turn off the gas – открыть / закрыть газ

39. central heating – центральное отопление

40. stove – печь, кухонная плита;

gas stove – газовая плита

41. running water – водопроводная вода

42. sink – раковина

43. tap - кран

to turn on / to turn off a tap – открыть / закрыть кран

44. bath – ванна;

to take a bath – принять ванну

45. refrigerator – холодильник

46. washing-machine – стиральная машина

47. vacuum cleaner – пылесос

48. oven – духовка

49. fireplace – камин

50. fan – вентилятор

51. furnish – меблировать

52. furnished – меблированный

53. furniture – мебель;

suite of furniture – гарнитур мебели

54. table – стол;

dressing-table – туалетный столик;

writing-table – письменный стол

55. drawer – выдвижной ящик


56. chair – стул

57. arm-chair – кресло

58. stool – табуретка

59. sofa – диван

60. cushion – подушка (диванная)

61. piano – пианино

62. bookcase – книжный шкаф

63. bookstand – этажерка

64. bookshelf – книжная полка

65. cupboard – шкаф, буфет

66. dresser – шкаф для посуды

67. mirror – зеркало

68. wardrobe – гардероб, платяной шкаф

69. picture – картина

70. clock – часы

71. carpet – ковер;

to spread the carpet – расстилать ковер

72. bed – кровать, постель;

to make one’s bed – стелить постель

73. sheet – простыня

74. blanket – одеяло

75. quilt – стеганное одеяло

76. pillow – подушка

77. towel – полотенце

78. mat – коврик, циновка

79. rug – ковер

80. rack – вешалка

81. kitchen / cooking utensils – кухонная посуда

82. to lay the table – накрывать на стол

83. table-cloth – скатерть

84. napkin – салфетка

85. glass – стакан

86. cup – чашка

87. saucer – блюдце

88. sugar-basin – сахарница

89. tea-pot – чайник для заварки чая

90. kettle – чайник для кипятка

91. coffee-pot – кофейник

92. jug – кувшин

93. milk-jug – молочник


94. tea-spoon – чайная ложка

95.china – фарфор

96. plate – тарелка;

soup-plate – глубокая тарелка;

dinner-plate – мелкая тарелка

97. dish – 1) блюдо, кушанье; 2) тарелка, миска; 3) посуда

98. spoon – ложка

99. fork – вилка

100. knife – нож

101. pepperbox – перечница

102. mustard-pot – горчичница

103. salt-cellar – солонка

104. pan – кастрюля, сковорода

105. saucepan – кастрюля

106. frying-pan – сковорода

107. chandelier – люстра

108. couch – кушетка

109. knick-knacks – безделушки

110. hallstand – вешалка

II. Give synonyms or synonymous expressions to the following:

flat; curtain; an article of furniture; cellar; sideboard; to tidy one's room; mirror; to switch on the light; easy-chair ;to take a bath; the front of a building; construction

III. Express the following in one word;

1. a piece of material laid on the floor for wiping the shoes on;

2. a screen on a window;

3. an appliance for blocking up a window;

4. a drapery for doors and windows;

5. a textile fabric for covering the floor;

6. a room on the top floor;

7. the front of a building;

8. a small room used for storing clothes, dishes, food supplies;

9. an outer covering for a bed;

10. a small linen cloth used at meals to wipe one's tips and fingers;

11. a soft woolen; covering used on beds;

12. a thick bed-covering, usually made from two layers of material with cotton or wool between;

13. a cloth, usu­ally of white linen, spread on a table at meal time.


IV. Form sentences from the table:

A living-room

a room for bathing.

A sitting-room

a room for sleeping.

A dining-room

a room for the special use of chil­dren.

A bedroom

a room for general use during the day.


A bath-room

a room used for cooking,

A kitchen

a room used for studying.

A study

a room for receiving guests.

A flat

a room for meals.

A nursery

a number of rooms on one floor of a house.

a machine used for sewing.

a machine used for washing.

A washing machine

a basin under a water tap in a kitch­en for washing dishes.

A refrigerator

A sewing- machine

a box in which the air is kept at a low temperature in order to pre­serve food.

A sink


a machine which cleans floors, carpets, etc., by drawing in air and dust together.

A vacuum cleaner


V. Express the following In one word:

1. a large comfortable chair; 2. a table at which one reads, writes or does business; 3. a small seat with no back; 4. the entrance from the street; 5. a covering for a bed. 6. a piece of linen for wiping the lips; 7. a covering for a pillow; 8. a soft woolen covering used on beds; 9. a covering for a blanket. 10- a cloth used for drying the hands or face; 11. a small plate put under a cup; 12. a pot used for boiling water; 13. a flat open pot; 14. a cooking pot with a handle; 15. a sheet of cloth hung up as a covering at a window or door.

VI. Form sentences from the table:

A Cellar

A barn

A basement

A shed


the lowest part of a building, a storey below the ground level, an underground room used for storing coal, wine, etc., a farm building for storing grain, hay and for cattle. a roofed shelter for storing things, keeping cattle in.

An attic

A parlour

A bathroom A hall

A bedroom


the entrance-passage of a house, a reception-room, a room in the top storey of a housem, a room to sleep in, a room with a bath-tub in it.

A cupboard

A wardrobe

A chest-of-dra­wers

A dresser


a piece of furniture for keeping clothes. a piece of furniture for keeping crockery, pro­visions, etc., a kitchen sideboard with shelves, a set of drawers used for keeping clothes in.

VII. What is the difference between the following words?

Make up sentences with the words:

home — house; building — construction; easy-chair — chair -— stool;


study—bedroom; living-room—drawing-room — nursery;

bathroom — kitchen; bedside table — dining-table — kitchen-table— writing-table; cupboard — wardrobe — bookcase; table-cloth — nap­kin; tea-pot — kettle; garden — orchard — kitchen garden

VIII. Say which of these things are in your bedroom, your study, your kitchen and your dining-room:

bed, stove, kitchen-table, sheet, dressing-table, oil-cloth, blanket cover, cupboard, pillow, mirror, wardrobe, tea-cloth, mattress, pep­perbox, glass, refrigerator, pillow-case, forks, knives, piano, quilt, writing-table, sofa, television-set, carpet, napkins, tea-things, fry­ing-pan, table-cloth, cups, pans, bookcase, arm-chair, mustard-pot, bedside table, gas stove, bedspread, pail, washing-machine, easy-chair, milk-jug, saucers, dishes, sink, telephone, desk-lamp, tea-pot, sugar-basin, tea-spoons, dinner set, basin, soup-plates, soup spoons, por­trait, picture, salt-cellar, kettle, round table, radio-set, looking-glass, curtains, blind, sewing-machine, wash-tub, coffee-pot, cushion, desk, chair, stool, dining-table, running water, floor-polisher, iron, bread­board, tray.

IX. Complete the sentences;

1. A motor-car is kept in a ... . 2. Books are kept in a ... 3. Dress­es and hats are kept in a ... . 4. Tea-things are kept in a ... . 5. Salt is kept in a ... . 6. Sugar is kept in a ... . 7. Pepper is kept in a ... . 8. Mustard is kept in a ... .

X. Answer the questions:

When do we use

- a wash-basin?

- a sewing-machine?

- a washing-machine?

- a stove?

- a television-set?

- a kettle?

- a saucepan?

- a flying-pan?

- a wash-tub?

- dinner-things?

- tea-things?


XI. Ask and answer:

a saucer


a refrigerator


a house


a bed




Have you ever

a table-cloth, a curtain

made of

china? bricks?


a floor



a kitchen table


a sewing-machine

a bread-board

a vacuum cleaner

XII. Read the text and retell it in the name of Jennie, her mother and Gerhardt.

Jennie returned to Cleveland to help her mother move. Together they searched the streets for a nice, quiet neighbourhood, and finally found one. A house of nine rooms, with a yard, which rented for thir­ty dollars, was suitably furnished. There were comfortable fittings for the dining-room and sitting-room, a handsome parlour set and bedroom sets complete for each room. The kitchen was supplied with every convenience, and there was even a bath-room, a luxury the Gerhardts had never enjoyed before. Altogether the house was attractive, though plain, and Jennie was happy to know that her family could be comfortable in it.

When the time came for the actual moving Mrs. Gerhardt was fairly beside herself with joy, for was not this the realization other dreams? All through the long years of her life she had been waiting, and now it had come. A new house, new furniture, plenty of room — things finer than she had ever even imagined — think of it Her eyes shone as she looked at the new beds and tables and whatnots. "Dear, dear, isn't this nice'" she exclaimed. "Isn't it

beautiful" Jennie was so glad for her mother's sake.

The day the furniture was moved in. Mrs. Gerhardt, Martha and Veronica were on hand to clean and arrange things. At the sight of the large rooms and pretty yard, and new furniture, the whole family fell into a fever of delight. Such beauty George rubbed his feet over the new carpets and Bass examined the quality of the furniture crit­ically. "Swell," was his comment. Mrs. Gerhardt could not believe that these bright bedrooms, this beautiful parlour, this handsome dining-room were actually hers.

Gerhardt came last of all. He looked around at the new carpets: under his feet, the long oak extension table covered with a white cloth and set with new dishes, at the pictures on the walls, the bright, clean kitchen. He shook his head. "It's fine!" he said. "It's very nice. Yes, it's very nice. We want to be careful now not to break anything." Yes, even Gerhardt was satisfied. {Th. Dreiser}

XIII. Read the dialogues. Learn one of the dialogues by heart.


Nora: We haven't bought the new furniture for Robert's room yet.

Harry: No; if he is going to use it as a study as well as a bedroom, he must have a few extra things.

Nora: I've been keeping my eyes open. This afternoon I have seen a lively second-hand writing-desk. And I need a lot of cupboards.

Harry: I didn't notice a cupboard on the landing.

Nora: Oh, that needn't worry us. I don't need a cupboard on the landing when there's such a nice one in the bathroom.

Harry: You must have somewhere to put the linen.

Nora: Yes, but it needn't be on the landing—the one in the bath-room will do perfectly,'

Harry: It's a pity there's no garage.

Nora: Harry, need we worry about a garage now? After all, we have not got our car yet.

Harry: No, you're quite right, Nora. Now, is there anything else we need discuss with you?

Nora: I don't think so.


Frieda: I'd like to know exactly how to lay a table and the names

of all the things you use.

Mrs. Priestley: Well, here is Susan. She does it every day and will tell us what she does.


Susan: First, I spread the table-cloth and then I put out table-mats to protect the table from hot plates and dishes — a small mat for each guest and larger ones for the hot dishes. I take out of the draw­er in the sideboard all the cutlery— a fish-knife and fork for the fish, a large knife and fork for the meat, a small knife for the butter, and a fruit-knife for the dessert. Then there is a soup-spoon for the soup. I put the knives and the soup-spoon on the right-hand side and the forks on the left.

Then 1 put out the bread-board and a knife to cut the bread. On the left of each guest I put a small plate for bread and on his right a wine glass if we are having wine, and in the middle of the table I put a jug of water with a few pieces of ice from the refrigerator in it. Then I put the table-napkins for each guest, put the coffee-cups and saucers with cream and sugar and coffee-spoons on the tray, and I am ready for the guests to come in.

Frieda: Thank you very much, Susan.

XIV. Read the passage. Put questions and answer them. Retell the text.

The boy did not close his eyes that night. In the morning he was ordered to clean the dishes with ashes. He hurriedly washed up the dishes and ran through the verandah into the sitting-room.

"Well, then," cried his Mistress, "go to the kitchen. The tea-tray is on the table. Bring it to the sitting-room. Hurry up" The boy did not know whether to carry the whole tray or the different tea-things one by one. He had never done anything like that at home. Looking at the "white chalk" things on the tray he asked, "What are these things made of?"

"They are made of china, of course. What else can they be made of? The fool has never seen china things'. Now don't let the tray fall and break the cups, or I will break your bones!" The boy lifted the tray and walked away to the sitting-room. He placed the tray on a small table and went back to the door.

"Oh, you bad boy," came his Mistress's voice. "Where have you been? Is there no work to do?" He began to wash up the tea-things and found that as soon as he poured water on the "white chalk" the things became clean. "That is easy," he thought and quickly poured water on some cups and put them to dry. "Oh, what are you doing? Clean those cups with the ashes just as we clean the metal utensils and clean them well, so that no dirt remains." At home his aunt had quietly done the housework herself and when he helped her she was very kind to him. But this woman seemed to hate him. He felt sad and lonely. With a heavy heart the boy set to work again. (R. Anand)


XV. Read the passage. Retell it using the words and phrases in Italics. Use these words and phrases in a situation

The boy worked from early morning till late at night. He washed the floor, cleaned the dishes, peeled the vegetables and did many other things. He was glad when his Mistress sent him to the sitting-room. He swept the carpet, dusted the tables and then looked with admira­tion at the arm-chairs and the various photographs. The boy tried to understand what those things were for. "What is written in that book?" he asked himself. "How does the big clock work? I should like to know how the voice in the box speaks." After the rooms had been done he was sent to the kitchen. (M. R. Anand)

XVI. Read the text. Retell it.

We were to move in a week and we spent every spare minute we had in the house, making preparations. We got some wallpaper and paste, and borrowed buckets and brushes. We stripped the walls, and papered them, and 1 cleaned the place out and polished the big metal grate in the living-room. When we'd done, on the Sunday eve­ning, we looked round with pride. "Of course," Charlie said doubt­fully, "it would look better if we had a bit of furniture. And then I remembered we hadn't a stick. We had bed linen and towels, that Charlie's mother had given us as a wedding present and some odds and ends of cutlery and crockery. Joe urged us to buy our furniture on the never-never system, and offered to lend us the money. Even "though I hated taking it we agreed to accept the loan. We got a bed, oil-cloth for the living-room floor and a rug. That was all. We needed a table, but decided to get one second-hand. My grandfather gave us a chair and a small dresser. Nora and Joe gave us a little chest-of-drawers and another chair. We had newspaper curtains and a newspa­per table-cloth but we were pretty pleased with ourselves and our new home. (Jane Walsh)

XVII. Read the dialogues. Make your own dialogue on analogy.


Mr. Head. Here's the hall and the stairs. There's a door from the hall into the living-room here, and another door on the right, into the kitchen. On the left side of the hall there is a cloak-room with a wash-basin in it, and next to it a lavatory.

Jack: That all seems very convenient.

Antie: There's plenty of light in the kitchen, I hope.

Mr. Reed: There's quite a large window on the north. The door on the west


side can be half glass, too, if you like. There's a path from the gate to the front door. Here's the garage, on the west side of the house.


Customer: Will you show me a sitting-room set, if you please?

Shop-assistant: Here are a number of different styles. How do you

like this one?

Customer: I don't like it at all.

Shop-assistant: How do you like the set over there?

Customer: I prefer this one. How many pieces does it consist of?

Shop-assistant: It has a sofa, four arm-chairs and six ordinary chairs.

Customer. Have you also got a table to go with the set?

Shop-assistant: Yes, indeed, here is one in exactly the same style.

Customer: Now let me see some dining-room furniture. At first a table.

What wood is this one made of?

Shop-assistant: It is of black walnut.

Customer: Let me see another one.

Shop-assistant: Does this one suit you any better?

Customer: I like it much better, have you chairs and a sideboard

to go with it?

Shop-assistant: Certainly.

Customer: Let me see the sideboard.

Shop-assistant: I advise you to take this one. It is an exact match.

Customer: I don’t see any bedroom furniture here.

Shop-assistant: Let us look at this one.

Customer: I’d like it very much. Do you also sell bedding?

Shop-assistant: You will find everything of the kind upstairs: mattresses, pillows and so on.

XVIII. What is wrong with the statements?

1. There is no running water in my flat. I go into the bathroom turn on the water tap and wash my hands and face. 2. There is no radio-set in my room. Every day I listen to the radio. 3. There is no electricity in our house. In the evening I switch on the light and be­gin to read a book. 4. The window in my room faces east. Looking through the window I see the sun set. 5. I have no television-set at home. Every evening I come home and see the TV program. 6. Our house is of modern construction. There are all modern conveniences in it. There is neither electricity nor running water in the house.


XIX. Answer the questions:

1. In what house do you live? Is it (a) many-storied (house)? On what floor is your flat? What modern conveniences are there in your house? What is your flat like? Which is your favourite room and why?

2. What is the main piece of furniture in your bedroom? What is there on your bed? Where do you keep your bedding? Is there a carpet on the floor? Where do you keep your clothes? What is there on your dressing-table? Are there any arm-chairs in your bedroom?

3. Is your study a simply-furnished room? Is there a writing-table in it? What things can be seen on your writing-table? Why is there a bookcase in your study? Has it sliding glass doors? Is there a carpet spread on the floor? How is the study lighted?

4. What do you do in the dining-room? What is there in the middle of the room? Is your dinner-table square or round? What is it covered with? "Where do you keep your tea and dinner-things? Is there a sofa in your dining-room? What is there on the sofa? Is there a television-set or a radio-set in your dining-room? What other pieces of furniture can you see in the dining-room? Does the door of your dining-room give upon a balco­ny?

5. Is there a bathroom and a water-closet in your flat? Where is the bath-tub with the shower? When do you take a bath? Is there a mirror above the wash-basin? What else is there in your bathroom?

6. Is there running water in your kitchen? Is there a gas-stove in your kitchen? Where do you do the cooking? Where do you keep your kitch­en utensils? What kitchen utensils have you got? Are there chairs or stools in your kitchen? Is there a refrigerator in your kitchen? Where is your washing-machine?

7. When do the rooms need tidying? When do you do your rooms? What do you begin with? What are the rooms dusted with? How are the carpets cleaned? What is the floor swept with? Do you wash or polish the floors in your rooms? Who keeps house? Do you help your mother about the house?

XX. Read the jokes and retell jokes 1 and 2 in direct speech, 3 and 4 in indirect speech.


An old woman asked for a room at a hotel. She was shown into a very small room. There was nothing in it. “I don't like this room,” said she. "I will not have it." "We don't ask you to sleep here," said a little boy in buttons. "This is not a bedroom. This is the lift."



Arriving home one evening a man found the house locked up.

After trying to get in at the various windows on the first floor he fi­nally climbed upon the shed roof and with much difficulty entered through a second-story window. On the dining-room table he found a note from his wife: "I have gone out. You'll find the key under the door mat."


— What time do you get up in summer?

— As soon as the first ray of the sun comes into my window.

— Isn't that rather early?

— No, my room faces west.


She: I cook and cook, and what do I get? Nothing!

He: You're lucky, my dear. I get indigestion.

XXI. Read the poem and learn it by heart.

My mother's very busy

with mop and cloth and broom;

I help her dust furniture

and tidy up the room;

She says we're having company

to stay for dinner, too.

So she wants everything to shine

and look as fine as new.

My mother's always trying

to keep our home so neat,

I find it very pleasant,

as I enter from the street;

I help her sweep the carpets

and wipe each window frame,

But we would keep it just as nice

if no one ever came.

by A. Goldberg

XXII. Compose 4 situations using the words and phrases;

1. the room needs tidying; to dust smth; with a duster; a broom;

to sweep/to wash the floor; to clean the windows; to beat the dust out of the

carpet; to keep house; to spread a table-cloth; a pail; to air the room; to polish a mirror

2. to make tea; a tea spoonful of tea; to fill the kettle; to turn on the gas; to pour out; boiling water; to expect the guests; to lay the table; to put the kettle on the gas-stove.

3. to be in the bathroom; to dry one's face and hands on the towel;

to rub one's hands with soap; the towel is at the side of the wash-ba­sin; there are two taps for cold and for hot water; to turn the taps on/off; the looking-glass is over the wash-basin; to take the towel from the rack; the basin is half full of water

4. to make one's bed; to put the pillow in a pillow-case; a quilt; a sheet; to beat the mattress; to put the blanket on the bed; to unfold the sheet; to put the sheet on the mattress; the bed is made.

XXIII. Make up stories about the pictures below.

"The man in the next apart­ment "The box was my idea,

wonders if you'd mind if he and this was my wife's

hung a picture on the other end." first sug­gestion."


XXIV. Read the sayings and proverbs. Explain them. Imagine situations to illustrate these sayings and proverbs.

1. To get out of bed on the wrong side.

2. A man without a home is a bird without a nest.

3. There is no place like home.

4. East or West, home is best.

5. Out of the frying-pan into the fire,

6. A new broom sweeps clean.

XXV. Suggested topics for conversation:

1. You have recently moved into a new flat and you show your friends round the flat.

2. You want to furnish your room anew. Your mother and you are in a furniture shop.

3. Your friend has moved into a new flat recently. Tell us about his house-warming party.

4. You have just come on a visit to one of your friends. The table is beautifully laid. Speak about it.

5. You leave the house forgetting to turn off the water tap.

6. You teach your daughter (your younger sister) to do the house (to make the bed, to wipe the dust, to sweep the floor, etc.).

7. A newly married couple is planning how to arrange the furniture

in their new flat.

8. You are buying furniture for your dining-room.

9. Your friend and you are talking about housekeeping.

10. You teach your little sister to make her bed.

11. Your parents and you prepare to move to the country-house in summer.

12. Your sister and you are tidying the rooms after your little brother's birthday party.

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