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МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БЕЛАРУСЬ

БЕЛОРУССКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИTET


ФИЛОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ ФАКУЛЬТЕТ

КАФЕДРА АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЯ


Пособие по развитию навыков устной речи

Минск

2003

Составители: Н.Н. Нижнева, Л.А. Артеменко, А.И. Василевская, Л.С. Мезена

Пособие предназначено для студентов, изучающих английский как второй иностранный язык, и направлено на развитие и совершенствование навыков устной речи.

Пособие состоит из трёх тематических разделов: Семья, Внешность, Жилище. В начале каждого раздела размещен подробный тематический словарь, затем следуют упражнения, обеспечивающие закрепление и активизацию лексики, тексты с заданиями, диалоги, стихи, шутки, пословицы и поговорки. В конце раздела предлагаются ключевые вопросы и темы для обсуждения.

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CONTENTS
1. FAMILY
VOCABULARY ---------------------------------------------------------- 3 – 5

EXERCISES --------------------------------------------------------------- 5 – 18


2. APPEARANCE
VOCABULARY ----------------------------------------------------------- 19 – 25

EXERCISES ---------------------------------------------------------------- 26 – 36


3. HOME
VOCABULARY ----------------------------------------------------------- 37 – 40

EXERCISES ---------------------------------------------------------------- 40 – 52

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UNIT I. Family
I. Vocabulary

1. Family - семья

to come from a poor (rich) family – происходить из бедной (богатой)

семьи


to support/to keep one’s family – содержать семью

2. parents – родители

3. father – отец

papa – папа

dad – папа, папочка

4. mother – мать

mamma – мама

5. child – ребенок;

the only child – единственный ребенок

6. childless – бездетный

7. childhood – детство

8. baby – ребенок, младенец

9. first-born – первенец

10. twins – близнецы

11. son – сын

12. sonny – сынок, сынишка

13. daughter – дочь

14. brother – брат

15. grandfather – дедушка

grandpa – дедушка

16. grandmother – бабушка

grannie/granny – бабушка, бабуся

17. grandson – внук

18. granddaughter – внучка

19. grandchildren – внуки

20. favourite – любимец

21. pet – любимец

to pet – баловать

22. to be like smb. – походить на кого-либо

He is like his mother.

23. to be alike – быть похожим

They are very much alike

24. to die – умереть

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What did he die of? – От чего он умер?

He died of cancer. – Он умер от рака.

25. orphan – сирота

26. adopt – усыновлять, удочерять;

adopted child – приемный сын или дочь

27. stepfather – отчим

28. stepmother – мачеха

29. stepson – пасынок

30. stepdaughter – падчерица

31. widower – вдовец

32. widow – вдова

33. relative - родственник

He has no living relatives on his father’s side.

34. relation – родственник, родство

Is Pete any relation to you?

near/close relations – близкие родственники

distant relations – дальние родственники

35. uncle – дядя

36. aunt - тетя

37. nephew – племянник

38. niece – племянница

39. cousin – двоюродный брат (сестра)

40. marriage – брак

41. to marry – жениться на ком-либо, выходить замуж

to be/to get married (to) – быть замужем (женатым), жениться, выходить замуж за …

Who are you married to?

When did you get married?

42. married - женатый

43. single – холостой, незамужняя

Are you married or single?

44. bridegroom – жених, новобрачный

45. bride – невеста, новобрачная

46. husband – муж

47. wife – жена

48. father-in-law – свекор, тесть

49. mother-in-law – свекровь, теща

50. son-in-law – зять

51. daughter-in-law – невестка, сноха


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52. brother-in-law – зять, шурин

53. sister-in-law – невестка, золовка

54. age – возраст

at the age of – в возрасте …

55. aged – пожилой, старый

56. middle-aged – средних лет

57. old – older – the oldest – старый, старше,самый старый

How old are you? - сколько вам лет?

I am … years old. – мне … лет.

58. elder – eldest – старше, самый старший (о членах одной семьи)

59. elderly – пожилой

60. grown-up – взрослый

61. young – молодой

62. youth – молодость, юность

63. biography – биография

64. name – имя, название

What is your name? – Как вас зовут?

65. to name – называть

The child was named after his father. – Ребенок был назван в честь

отца.

66. surname – фамилия



67. to be born - родиться

68. to nurse – нянчить

69. to bring up – воспитывать

70. man – человек, мужчина

71. boy – мальчик

72. woman (women) – женщина

73. girl – девочка, девушка

74. What are you? – Кто вы ? (по профессии) – I am a teacher.

75. Who are you? – Кто вы? – I am Ivanov.

II. Arrange the following in pairs of antonyms:

To live, young, eldest, a small family, to be alive, to die, to be unlike, to be dead, a large family, to be alike, old, a distant relative, youngest, a close relative.

To be married, to get married, to be single, to get divorced, to be different, to be under age, to be alike, a baby, to be of age, a grown-up, a bachelor, a family man.
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III. Express the following in one word:

1. a son of one’s brother or sister; 2. a daughter of one’s brother or sister; 3.two children born at the same time of the same mother; 4.a son’s wife; 5.a daughter’s husband; 6.a family relation; 7.to offer marriage; 8.an unmarried woman; 9.the day of one’s wedding; 10.to separate a husband and wife by law; 11.a man who receives guests; 12.a woman who receives guests; 13.a person who is on an old-age pension; 14.an unmarried man; 15.a very young child; 16.a woman who has not married again after her husband’s death; 17. a man who has not married again after his wife’s death; 18.a woman on her wedding day; 19. a marriage ceremony; 20. the union of a man and woman as husband and wife; 21. to look after a baby.



IV. Form sentences from the table:













A grandmother

A grandfather

A granddaughter

A grandson



is


is

one's daughter's or son's son.

one's daughter's or son's daughter.

one's father's or mother's mother.

one's father's or mother's father.


A stepmother

An aunt


An uncle

A nephew

A niece

A stepfather




is

one's father's or mother's brother

one's mother's second husband.

one's brother's or sister's daughter.

one's brother's or sister's son.

one's mother's or father's sister.

one's father's second wife.












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V. Answer the questions:

1. Who are you? What are you? What is your name? When were you born. Where were you born? What family do you come from?

2.How old are you? Who is the eldest (the youngest) in your family. How old is your mother (father, sister, etc.)? Is your sister (brother)- older than you?

3. Do your parents live with you? Where do they live? What are your parents?

4. Have you a grandmother or a grandfather? Do they live with you? How old are they? Are they in good heath?

5. What other relatives have you got? How many relatives have you got? How many uncles and aunts have you? What are their names? What are they? Do you often see them? Have you any nephews or nieces? Which of them is your pet and why?

6. Are you married or single? To whom are you married? To whom is your sister( brother) married?

VI. Read the dialogues. Make sure that every sentence is clear to you. Learn one of the dialogues by heart.

1.

- Have you heard the latest news? - No. What's happened?

- Why, Brown has got engaged. He fell in love with a girl he met at the Robertsons'. You know her. It's Jean O'Brian.

- Oh, yes, I remember her. But Brown! Well, I never thought he would ever get married! Mary broke off their engagement a few days before their wedding. And he was becoming a regular old bachelor. - Well, let's hope he'll have better luck this time than last.

- Let's. Jean is a nice girl and she will make her husband happy. When is he getting married?

- Next Thursday, at the Registry office. And after the wedding they are off to Scotland for a fortnight.

2.

Mr. Wells: Has Jack told you he and Anne are going to marry?

Mrs. Wells: It'll be another year or more, he says. He expects to have a rise in salary next year, you know.

Mr. Wells: Anne's a good girl, always bright and cheerful. She's very intelligent. She and Jack are both interested in serious things. And I like her manners.
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Mrs. Wells: Jack wouldn’t go about with a girl whose manners were bad! Anne’s good-looking, too.

Mr. Wells: Yes, she’ll be a daughter-in-law we can be proud of. Mrs. Wells: They’ll be brave if they marry next year. Even if Jack gets more money, they’ll have a struggle to make ends meet at first.

Mr. Wells: We had a struggle when we married, didn’t we? But we didn’t mind a few hardships’. Jack and Anne both have courage. Anne’s not like some of the girls I know – selfish girls who think of nothing but pleasure and enjoyment.

VII. Read the following dialogue and answer the questions after it.

Jim: I’d like to marry an intellectual woman.

Bill: Oh really? Why?

Jim: Because intellectual women are interesting.

Bill: Interesting? Oh what a child you are Jim! They aren’t interesting. They are very dangerous.

Jim: Dangerous? Why?

Bill: Because it’s quite impossible to relax when they are at home. Oh no, men aren’t happy with intellectual wives and modern children.

Jim: Modern children?

Bill: Oh yes. With an intellectual wife everything modern: dresses, principles, children, even dogs. It’s quite unbearable for a normal man! And besides, mod­ern women aren’t really good cooks!

Jim: But you’d like to marry Kate and she’s a modern, intellectual woman!

Bill: Oh, but I’m in love with Kate!
Questions on the dialogue:

1. What question are Jim and Bill discussing?

2. What kind of woman does Jim intend to marry?

3. Why does he want to marry an intellectual woman?

4. Why does Bill consider intellectual women to be dangerous?

5. Is Bill consistent in what he says and does?

6.What expla­nation does he give Jim when Jim says that Kate is also a modern intellectual woman?

7. What is your opinion on the subject?


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VIII. Read the dialogue, answer the questions and act the scene.

Family Life in England.

Anna: Is family life in England very different from fam­ily life in your country, Maria?

Maria: No, I don't think so. But I have noticed a few differences.
Anna: Oh, such as what?

Maria: Well, for you the family is simply Mum, Dad and the children.

Anna: You have a more extended family circle, do you?

Maria: Yes. It's quite common in Spain to a grand­mother and an unmarried aunt or uncle living in as part of the family. And we wouldn't dream of sending an elderly relative to an old persons' home, for instance.

Anna: You take care of the elderly relatives yourselves, I gather.

Maria: Oh yes. It's the family's duty to look after an elderly parent.

Anna: What about hospitality? Do you think English families do a lot of entertaining?

Maria: Yes, but in a rather formal way. You don't like people to "drop in" without a previous invitation, do you? In my country it's quite usual to drop in on friends and relatives almost any time.

Maria: I suppose that in England family life has changed a lot in the last fifty years, hasn't it?

Anna: Oh yes, very much so. I think families used to be much larger. My grandmother was one of fourteen children! Very few people nowadays care to have such large families.

Maria: I suppose that's why in those days very few women took up careers outside the home. They were too busy bringing up their families.

Anna: Yes, women weren't as free as they are today. They often had to

marry men they didn't like and they were financially dependent on their parents or their husbands.



Maria: I think family life is more pleasant today because it's freer and more informal. At least today we're free to marry whoever we like and to take up a job, if we wish.

Anna: That's true.
Questions on the dialogue.

1. Who is the dialogue between?


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2. What problem are Maria and Anna discussing?

3. Are they both English?

4. Is it quite common in England to have a grandmother living in as part of the family? And in this country?

5. Do you think that English people have a less extended family circle than we do?

6. Who takes care of the elderly relations in England? And in this country?

7. Do English people do a lot of entertaining?

8. Is it customary to "drop in" without a previous invitation in England?

9. How has family life changed in England in the last fifty years?

10. Have people large families nowadays?

11. Why couldn't women take up careers outside home in those days?

12. Who were women dependent on?

13. What changes have occurred in women's life today?



IX. Read the dialogue and answer the questions. Make your own dialogue on the topic “The Family Photo Album”.

Mary and Peter decide to look at the family photograph album.



Peter: Where's the photo album, Mary?

Mary: It's in the left-hand drawer in the sideboard.

Peter: Ah, here it is. Now shall we start at the begin­ning?

Mary: Here's an old photo of Mother and Father. They were rather a nice couple, weren't they?

Peter: It's a pity people get old, isn't it?

Mary: And that's you, when you were a child isn't it?

Peter: I suppose so.

Mary: You were a funny little thing! And this again at the age of five, playing with a dog.

Peter: Look! That's you, isn't it? You weren't very beautiful yourself - a fat little girl with short pig­tails and a sailor hat.

Mary: Look at this photograph! Do you recognize any­body?

Peter: Here's aunt Margaret and uncle John. And that's their son David.

Mary: Where is David? Which is he?

Peter: That one there. He's very tall, taller than his father.

Mary: Oh yes. And this is his younger brother Dick. He has long curly hair.
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Peter: Yes. And that's his sister Helen, next to him. She's holding a big doll.

Mary: Where's Tom? Is that Tom?

Peter: Oh yes. He's standing behind aunt Margaret.

Mary: And that's Alice, isn't she?

Peter: Yes, she's sitting on a little stool.

Mary: But where is Aunt Margaret's elder son John?

Peter: He's probably taking the photograph.
Questions on the dialogue.

1. What do Mary and Peter want to do?

2. Where do they keep the family photo album?

3. Whose photo is placed first in the album?

4. What does Mary say about their parents?

5. What is Peter's remark to Mary's statement?

6. How old is Peter in the first photograph? And in the second? Describe Peter's photo at the age of five.

7. What does Mary look like in the photo where she is still a little girl?

8. Whose family photo do Mary and Peter look at next?

9. Have aunt Margaret and uncle John a big family?

10. How many children have they? How many daughters and sons?

11. Describe the family photo of aunt Margaret and uncle John.

12. Why isn't their elder son John in the photo?

X. Read the following dialogue, answer the questions and retell it in indirect speech.

Introducing People to Different Members of the Family

(An evening party at the Browns' place.)



Mike: Hello, Sam, nice of you to come. Take off your coat, will you, and let's go in. You haven't met my mother yet, have you?

Sam: No, I haven't had the pleasure, but I've met your father, don't you remember?

Mike: Oh, yes, of course. Ah, there's Mother, come on, old boy. Mum, this is Sam Williams, a friend from the College.

Sam: How do you do, Mrs. Brown?
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Mrs. Brown: How do you do? I'm glad to meet you. Will you excuse me, please, everybody seems to come at once.

Sam: Certainly, Mrs. Brown.

Mr. Brown: Good evening, Sam. This is Sam, isn't it?

Mike: Yes, Dad, you met Sam at the College last month.

Mr. Brown: Oh, yes, of course, how are you?

Sam: Good evening, Mr. Brown. I'm fine, thank you. And how are you?

Mr. Brown: Not too bad, my boy, not too bad. Let me introduce you to my daughter. Oh, where's she gone? She was here a moment ago. Oh, there she is! Ellen, come over here. This is Sam Williams, Mike's friend, take care of him, will you?

Ellen: With pleasure, Dad. How do you do?

Sam: How do you do? Haven't I seen you somewhere before?

Ellen: No, I don't think so.

Sam: But your face is so familiar. Wait a second... I know... We were on the same train to London last week.

Ellen: Oh, yes. Now I remember. What a coincidence!

Sam: Well, you know what they say - it's a small world.
Questions on the dialogue.

1. Who are the hosts of the party? At whose house does the party take place?

2. What does Mike suggest that Sam should do first?

3. Who does Mike introduce Sam to?

4. What words does Mike say when he introduces Sam to his mother?

5. What does Sam say?

6. What does Mrs. Brown say?

7. Sam needs no introduction to Mr. Brown, why?

8. Where did he meet Mr. Brown?

9. Who does Mr. Brown want to introduce Sam to?

10. Has Sam seen Ellen before? Where did he see her?

11. Why does Ellen say "What a coincidence"?

12. What does Sam reply to this?
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XI. Read the jokes. Retell them first in direct speech, then in indirect speech. Learn the funniest jokes by heart.

1.

Anne: Why don't you marry, Jane?

Jane: I will only marry a man who knows life and has learned its sorrows.

Anne: I see, a widower.

2.

- So my daughter has consented to become your wife. Have you fixed the day of the wedding?

- I will leave that to my fiancée.

- Will you have a church or a private wedding? - Her mother will decide that, sir.

What have you to live on?

- I will leave that entirely to you, sir.
3.

- Well, Sam, I'll tell you how it is. You see, I married a widow, and this widow had a daughter. Then my father, being a widower, married our daughter, so you see my father is my son-in-law.

- Yes, I see.

- Then again my stepdaughter is my stepmother, isn't she? Well, then her mother is my grandmother, isn't she? I am married to her, am I not? So that makes me my own grandson, doesn't it?



4.

Two friends met for the first time in several years.

"Well, old man," one of them said, "I hear you finally got mar­ried. Congratulations, for I also hear you have an excellent and a most accomplished wife."

"Yes, indeed," was the reply. "My wife is accomplished. She is perfectly at home in literature, at home in art, at home in music, at home in science, in short - at home everywhere, except..."

"Except what?"

"Except at home."


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5.

The tired-looking man sat facing the lawyer. "So you want a di­vorce

from your wife?" said the latter. "Aren't your relations pleas­ant? "Mine are," came the answer, "but hers are simply terrible".
6.

Jane: Is the man your sister's going to marry rich? Dick: I guess not. Every time mother talks about the wedding father says “poor man!”
7.

"Hello," he said. "Is that Mrs. Brown?" "Yes." "This is Jack speak­ing. I say, dear, will it be all right if I bring home a couple of fel­lows to dinner?" "Certainly, darling." "Did you hear what I said?"

"Yes, you asked if you could bring home a couple of fellows to dinner. Of course, you can, dear." "Sorry, madam," said the fellow as he hung up, "I have got the wrong Mrs. Brown."
8.

A husband was going about his usual daily routine on the morning of their 25th wedding anniversary, and his wife was rather annoyed. "Don't you know what day this is?" she asked.

"Of course I do," he answered.

“Well, then, let’s go to some place and celebrate. Let’s do something unusual.”

"All right," said her husband. "How about two minutes of silence?"

9.

Sonny: Father, what do they make asphalt roads of?



Father: That makes a thousand questions you've asked today. Do give me a little peace. What do you think would have happened if I had asked my father so many questions?

Sonny: You might have learned how to answer some of mine.
XII. Act the scene of introductions.

Characters: Mr. White, Mrs. White, their children Tom and Jane, Mrs. Pope, her son David. Use the following words and phrases of introduction and greet­ing in your scene.


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Hello! How do you do? Glad to meet you. Let me intro­duce... May I introduce... Meet my friend... Mother, this is David. Mrs. Pope, this is my daughter Jane.


XIII. Read the text and be ready to discuss the questions on the reading.
THE TWO MARRIAGES

I

Mr. and Mrs. Child just do not think alike. "It's too hot in here," he says." No, it's too cold," she answers. "We are going to the country tomorrow," Mrs. Child says. "No, we are not. We're staying right here in the city," Mr. Child says. The house is too small for her. It is too big for him. She wants to take a trip. He wants to spend the money on a new car. She wants to have a garden. He says a garden is too much work. When his head hurts, her feet hurt. She wants to get places early. He is always late. They have yet to find two things they both like. He loses everything. She finds it. She begins to read the newspaper when he has finished with it. He opens the window when he goes to bed. She closes the window when she gets up. She says, "Oh, dear. This dress costs too much. I can't buy it." "He answers, "No, it doesn't. I'll give it to you for your birthday." "Oh, I'm old and not pretty any more," she cries. "No, you seem as young and pretty as ever to me," he says. "John," she smiles. "You really do like me, don't you?” “No,” he laughs. “I love you.”



II

A man and a woman were seated at a table in a crowd­ed restaurant. The owner approached and inquired whether he might seat two men at their table.

"Of course," said the man. "We'd be delighted to have them sit here."

As the two men approached the table, the first stranger said, "Thank you. You are kind to let us sit here."

"Are you friends," asked the second stranger, "or have you just met?"

"We know each other very well," the man seated al the table answered. "This is my wife."

"Yes," she sighed. "We have been married so long we think alike, we act alike, and we are even beginning to look alike."
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"We never argue," remarked the husband. "We never fight," said the wife.

"We always know how the other person feels," said the husband.

"Many times we do not even need words to know what the other is thinking," smiled the wife.


"We seldom have a difference of opinion about which books are good, which movies are good, and even which people we like," she continued.

The two strangers looked at the man and the woman while they talked.

The first stranger's face was soft as he turned to the second stranger.

"Are you not impressed with such love and kind­ness? I am sure they must be very happy. Perhaps they are the last of the truly happy husbands and wives." The second stranger did not speak for a long time. Then he said, "I am nothing if I am not an honest man! But I am not impressed with such harmony. Why have two? One of them is

unnecessary!”
Questions on the Reading

1. The couple at the table never argue. What does the first stranger think of this marriage?

2. What does the second stranger think of this marriage?

3. Do you think the couple at the table are happy? Why do you think so?

4. Mr. and Mrs. Child are different from the couple at the table. Mr. and Mrs. Child never agree. Do you think they are happy?

5. Do you know people like Mr. and Mrs. Child?

6. Which do you think is the more perfect marriage­ that of Mr. and Mrs. Child or that of the couple at the table?

XIV. a) Read the passages and retell them.

A. One day, when Kezia was kept indoors with a cold, her grand­mother told her that her father's birthday was next week, and suggest­ed she should make him a pin-cushion for a present out of a beauti­ful piece of yellow silk. Labouriously the little girl stitched three sides.
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But what to fill it with? On the bed-table in mother's bedroom she


discovered a great many sheets of fine paper, gathered them up and stuffed her case, then sewed up the fourth side.

That night there was a hue and cry over the house. Father's great speech for the Port Authority had been lost. Rooms were searched thoroughly, servants questioned. Finally mother came into the nursery.

"Kezia, I suppose you didn't see some papers, on a table in our room?"

"Oh, yes," she said. "I tore them up for my s'prise"1. "What?" screamed mother. "Come straight down to the dining-room this in­stant." And she was dragged down to where father was pacing to and fro, hands behind his back. "Well," he said sharply. Mother explained. He stopped and stared at the girl. "Did you do that?" -N-n-no," she whispered. "Mother, go up to the nursery and fetch down the damned thing - see that the child's put to bed this instant."

Crying too much to explain, she lay in the shadowed room watch­ing the evening light sift through the blinds... Then father came into the room with a ruler in his hands. "Sit up," he commanded, "and hold out your hands. You must be taught once and for all not to touch what does not belong to you." "But it was for your b-b-birth­day." Down came the ruler on her little, pink palms. Hours later, when the grandmother had. wrapped her in a shawl, the child cud­dled close to her soft body. "What did Jesus make fathers for?" she sobbed...

B. The McDonalds lived in the next-door house. There were five children. Looking through a hole in the vegetable garden fence the little girl saw them playing in the evening. The father with the baby

Mac on his shoulders, two little girls hanging on to his coat tails, ran round and round the flower beds, shaking with laughter. Once she saw the boys turn the hose on him - and he made a great grab at them, tickling them until they got hiccoughs. Then it was she de­cided there were different sorts of fathers.



b) Compare the way the children were brought up. Comment on it.
XV. a) Translate the following sayings:

1. Necessity is a hard nurse, but she raises strong children. 2. As the baker so the buns, as the father so the sons.

3. He that has a wife has a master.

b) Learn the sayings by heart, illustrate them in situations.
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XVI. Tell the life story of your friend (your parents, one of your close distant relatives).

Suggested topics for conversation:

I. You have a talk with your grandmother about her childhood.

2. The Ivanovs have no children. They talk about adopting a boy or a girl.

3. You ask your friend about his (her) baby brother (sister).

4. Two mothers speak about their sons.

5. You have a talk with your fellow-student about his (her) biog­raphy.

6. Two students (Russian and English) speak about Russian and English marriage customs.

XVII. Questions for discussion:

1. What family is in you opinion an ideal one?

2. What are the advantages and the disadvantages of the only child?

3. How many children are you going to have?

4. What is the best age to get married?

5. Should grandparents live together with their children and

grandchildren?

XVIII. Explain the following sayings, illustrate them in situations:

1. To turn over a new leaf.

2. Cat-and-dog life.

3. To be born with a silver spoon in one’s mouth.

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UNIT II. Appearance
I. Vocabulary

1. appearance – внешность

common appearance – заурядная внешность

attractive appearance – привлекательная внешность

2. to look like – выглядеть

What does he look like? – Как он выглядит?

3. toTo resemble – походить, иметь сходство

The boy resembles his father.

4. toTo remind (of) – напоминать кого-либо

Who does that woman remind you of?

5. headHead – голова

round - headed – круглоголовый

bald - headed – лысый

back of the head – затылок

top of the head – темя

6. hairHair – волосы

one’sOne’s hair may be:

long (short) - длинные (короткие)

thick (thin) - густые (редкие)

close-cut/close-cropped-коротко подстриженные

straight – прямые

curly – кудрявые

golden – золотистые

silvery – серебристые

silky – шелковистые

dark – темные

fair – светлые

blond – белокурые

ashy – пепельные

auburn/chesnat – каштановые

sandy – рыжеватые

red – рыжие

black – черные

grey/white – седые

smooth – приглаженные

wavy – волнистые

waved – завитые

curly – кудрявые

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7. to do one’s hair – причесываться



8. to comb one’s hair – расчесывать волосы гребнем

9. to brush one’s hair – причесывать волосы щеткой

10. to have one’s hair cut – подстричься

11. to wear one’s hair long (short) – носить волосы длинными (короткими)

12. face – лицо

one’s face may by:

round – круглое

long – длинное

thin – худое

pale – бледное

beautiful – красивое, прекрасное

pretty – хорошенькое

ugly – уродливое, некрасивое

plain – некрасивое, простое, обыкновенное

expressive – выразительное

lean – худощавое, худое

fleshy – мясистое

oval – овальное

common – заурядное

stern – строгое, суровое

good – humoured – добродушное

gloomy – угрюмое, мрачное

clean–shaved – гладко выбритое

freckled – веснушчатое

wrinkled - морщинистое

13. complexion – цвет лица

one’s complexion may be:

fresh – свежий

rosy – розовый, румяный

pale – бледный

fair/light – белый (не смуглый)

dark – темный (смуглый)

sunburnt/ brown – загорелый

14. forehead – лоб

one’s forehead may be :

broad – широкий

narrow – узкий

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high – высокий

low – низкий

large/open – большой, открытый
15. nose – нос

one’s nose may be :

small – маленький

long – длинный

flat – приплюснутый

straight – прямой

turned – up – вздернутый

snub – вздернутый

hooked - крючковатый

16. cheek - щека

one’s cheeks may be :

round – круглые

pale - бледные

rosy/pink – розовые

fleshy – мясистые

hollow/ sunken – впалые

wrinkled – морщинистые

dimpled – с ямочками

17. eye - глаз

one’s eyes may be :

big/large - большие

small - маленькие

kind/warm – добрые, ласковые

intelligent – умные

stern – суровые

faded – поблекшие, выцветшие

hollow/ sunken – запавшие

deep-set – глубоко-сидящие

close-set – близко-поставленные

wide-set – широко-расставленные

slant/slanting – раскосые

mischievous – лукавые, шаловливые

almond – миндалевидные

almond-eyed – с миндалевидным разрезом глаз

hazel – светло-карие

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black – черные

brown – карие

dark - темные

grey - серые

green - зеленые

blue - голубые

18. eyelid/lid - веко

19. eyelash/lash - ресница

one’s lashes may be :

long - длинные

short - короткие

thick – густые

thin – редкие

straight – прямые

curving/curly - загнутые

20. eyebrow – бровь

one’s eyebrows may be:

thick/bushy – густые

thin – редкие

well–marked – четко – очерченные

arched – дугой, изогнутые

overhanging - нависшие

21. jaw – челюсть

heavy – jawed – с массивной челюстью

22. chin - подбородок

one’s chin may be:

round – круглый

pointed – острый

double – двойной

decided – решительный

protruding – выдающийся

massive – массивный

dimpled – с ямочкой

strong – энергичный

firm – твердый

23. mouth – рот

one’s mouth may be:

big/large – большой

small – маленький

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firm – твердый, твердо – очерченный

tiny – крошечный

stern – строго-очерченный, решительный

24. lip – губа

lower lip – нижняя губа; upper lip – верхняя губа

one’s lips may be:

thick – толстые

thin – тонкие

full – полные

well–cut – хорошо – очерченные

scarlet – алые

parted – полуоткрытые

tightly-set – крепко сжатые

25. tooth (teeth) – зуб (зубы)

front teeth – передние зубы

one’s teeth may be:

large – крупные

small – мелкие

perfect – превосходные

tiny – мелкие

even/regular – ровные

uneven/irregular – неровные

close-set – частые

widely spaced – редкие

false - искусственные

26. tongue - язык

27.feature - черта

one’s features may be:

massive – крупные

delicate – тонкие, изящные

clean-cut – резко выраженные

frank – открытые

stern – суровые

coarse – грубые, отталкивающие

28. moustache – усы

29. beard – борода

to grow one’s beard – отращивать бороду

30. neck – шея

one’s neck may be:

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long – длинная

short – короткая

thin – тонкая

thick – здоровая, бычья

31. throat – горло

32. skin – кожа

one’s skin may be:

smooth – гладкая

rough – грубая, шершавая

33. figure – фигура

34. body – тело

35. back – спина

36. chest – грудная клетка

37. shoulder – плечо

broad-shouldered – широкоплечий, плечистый

narrow-shouldered – узкоплечий

round-shouldered – сутулый

38. waist – талия

a slim/slender waist – стройная талия

39. a person may be:

lean/thin – худой, тощий (о мужчине)

fat – тучный, упитанный

delicately built – хрупкого телосложения

slim – стройная, тонкая (о женщине)

stooping – сутулый

graceful – изящный, грациозный

of medium height – среднего роста

40. one’s arms may be:

rounded – полные

shapely – красивой формы

41. palm – ладонь

42. wrist – запястье

43. one’s hands may be:

tiny – крошечные

delicate – тонкие, нежные

coarse – грубые, шершавые

hairy – волосатые

44. one’s fingers may be:

stumpy – короткие, толстые

delicate – тонкие, изящные

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45. one’s legs may be:



shapely – красивой формы

crooked – кривые

46. knee – колено

47. heel – пятка

48. toe – палец (на ноге)

49. voice – голос

one’s voice may be:

feeble/weak – слабый

shrill/harsh – резкий

hoarse – хриплый

toneless – глухой, монотонный

high/high pitched – высокий

screaming – пронзительный

at the top of one’s voice – во весь голос

50. smile – улыбка

one’s smile may be:

winning – обаятельная

strained – деланная

cunning - хитрая

faint – слабая

ironical – ироническая

51. elderly – пожилой

52. to look one’s age – выглядеть ни моложе, ни старше своих лет

53. to look old / young for one’s age – выглядеть старше своих лет /

молодо для своих лет

54. in the prime of life / in one’s prime – во цвете лет

55. manner – манера

one’s manner may be:

decent – приличные

refined – изящные

rough – грубые

56. conduct / behaviour – поведение

57. mole – родинка

58. build – телосложение

to be of strong build – быть крепкого телосложения

59. breast – грудь

60. bearing – осанка

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II. Express the following in one word:

1. the upper part of a man’ body;

2. the part of the face above the eyebrows;

3. the part of the face between the nose and the ears;

4. the part of the body from the hand to the shoulder;

5. the part of the body that connects the head and the shoulders;

6. the end of the human arm;

7. the part of the leg on which one walks;

8. the front of the head;

9. the part of the head with which we smell;

10. that what covers our eyes when they are shut.


III. Find a word in list b to fit each word in list a

Model: fair hair


  1. fair, straight, turned-up, broad, narrow, bushy, ordinary, plain, small, large, high, ugly, soft, bony, regular, bad, good, slender, rough, plump, sweet, quiet, charming, pointed.

  2. Lashes, complexion, features, hair, eyebrows, face, nose, shoulders, forehead, mouth, eyes, manners, voice, figure, features, hands, arms, cheeks, skin, smile.


IV. Say all you can about:

the hair, eyebrows, lips, eyes, features, shoulders, teeth, legs, arms, hands, fingers, manners, feet, a smile, a voice, the skin, the neck, the chin, the forehead, cheeks, the mouth, the nose, the face, the figure.


V. Ask and answer:

Model: What do we take things with?

We take things with our fingers.

hear

see


smell

What do we kiss with?

work

take things



taste things

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XI. Name adjectives corresponding to the nouns given:

bone, bush, rose, silver, beauty, gold (2), curl, happiness, anger, point, pleasure, silk, expression, charm

Combine each of the adjectives with a suitable noun (or nouns),

Model: point - pointed -a pointed chin

rose - rosy - rosy cheeks



XII. Find a word in list a to fit each word in list b:

Model: hazel eyes

a) hazel, wrinkled, fleshy, fair, oval, hollow, smooth, plump, delicate, tanned, strained, mischievous, freckled, chestnut, stooping, refined, dimpled, shapely, graceful, turned up, decent, stern, coarse, shrill, overhanging, tiny, even, slender

b) face, hair, smile, eyes, skin, complexion, hands, finger, nose, eyebrows, figure, voice, chin, legs, teeth, feet, features, mouth, waist, manners, cheeks.
XIII. Complete the sentences.

1. The face is ... .2. The hand is... . 3. The forehead is... . 4. The neck is... . 5. The arm is... . 6. The leg is... . 7. The head is... . 8. The cheek is... . 9. The foot is... . 10. The nose is... .


XV. Do and say

Model: — Put your right hand on the desk.

— I am putting my right hand on the desk.

1. Put your finger on your right cheek. 2. Shake your head from right to left. 3. Cover your right eye with the palm of your left hand. '4. Raise your left hand, 5. Put down your hand. 6. Put your left hand into your right pocket. 7. Cover your face with both your hands. 8. Wave your right hand to your friend. 9- Clap your hands. 10. Hold out your right hand to your friend. 11. Put your left hand on your forehead. 12-Cover your jaw with the back of your right hand.
VII. Do the following:

1. Very quickly touch your nose, your right eye, your upper lip, your chin, your left eyebrow, your lower lip, the tip of your tongue, the back of your neck, your right elbow, your left shoulder, your left ear with your right hand, the back of your head with your left hand, both your ears, your hair,


-27-

your back. '2. Close your eyes. Open them. 3. Rub your hands. 4. Shake

hands with your neighbour, 5. Cross your legs. 6. Tie your scarf round your throat. 7. Stretch out your hands.

VI. Answer the questions:

1. What do we call the upper part of a man’s body?

2. What are the parts of the mouth?

3. How many fingers have we got on each hand?

4. How many toes have you got on each foot?

5. In what way do women wear their hair?

6. How do you wear your hair?

7. What colour are your friend’s eyes?

8. What is your complexion?
VII. Ask your friend to do the following and say what he is doing.

Model: Nod your head. – He is nodding his head.
1.Shrug your shoulders and turn your head to the left.

2. Shade your eyes with your left hand.

3. Press your right hand to your right hand to your forehead.

4. Scratch your chin.

5. Fold your arms on your breast.

6. Knit your (eye)brows.

7. Nod your head.

8. Touch the tip of your nose with your thumb.

9. Brush your hair upward.

10. Point to the door with your forefinger.

11. Go to the door on tiptoe.

12. Touch your open palm.

13. Shake your forefinger in warning.

14. Lean your forehead against the back of your left hand.

15. Put your thumbs to your temples.
XIV. Say all you can about:

a person's figure, arms, hands, face, nose, eyes, hair, eyebrows, complexion, cheeks, chin, teeth, features, smile, voice, manners, forehead, lashes, lips, mouth, age.

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VIII. Ask questions and give answers as in the model:

Model: Is it natural for a boy to wear his hair in plaits? — Why! It isn't! Boys never wear their hair in plaits. They cut their hair short.




a child


to have. a wrinkled

face?


—Yes, it is, when...




a Negro


to wear a moustache


— Oh, no, it is not,


Is it natur­al for


a young

girl



and a beard?
to have a fair comp­lexion?

because...
—Why! It isn’t…




a student


to wear one's hair in a knot?


— Certainly if is, be­-

cause ...


















to have bad manners?


—Yes, indeed...




IX. Read the poem and learn it by heart:

Everybody says I look just tike my mother.

Everybody says I'm the image of aunt Bee.

Everybody says my nose is like my father's,

But I want to look like me.

by Dorothy Aldif

X. Answer the questions:

1. What do we say about a person if he (or she) is neither tall nor small? 2. What do we say about a person who looks neither older nor younger than he is? 3. Can you do your hair in a knot (in plaits) if it is short? 4. What must you do if you want to wear your hair in plaits? 5. Would you wave your hair if it curled naturally? 6. What does a man do when his moustache grows too long? 7. Why do we go to the haidresser's? 8. Do you know the size of your waist? What is it? 9. Is your new coat not too wide in the waist?


-29-
VIII. a) Read the passages and put questions to them. Answer the questions.
1.

When the child was three, his mother was forty years old. She was tall and straight, and her figure was graceful. She usually wore a simple black dress with a white collar round her neck. Her hair was black and thick. She parted it down in the middle of the head and gathered it behind in a simple coil. She had a small nose and brown eyes which sparkled when she laughed. She had small but strong hands which could any work.


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