Вариант 1 Задание Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе: dog, name, child, monopoly, life. Задание 2 - shikardos.ru o_O
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Вариант 1 Задание Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном - страница №1/1

Контрольная работа № 1
1. Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 1, необходимо изучить и освоить следующие разделы курса английского языка:

  • множественное число имен существительных;

  • выражение падежных отношений в английском языке с помощью предлогов;

  • окончание «s» и порядка слов;

  • использование и перевод на русский язык существительного в функции определения;

  • основные сведения о различиях в употреблении определенного и неопределенного артиклей;

  • определение и перевод степеней сравнения имен прилагательных;

  • имена числительные, количественные и порядковые числительные;

  • местоимения и их перевод на русский язык; словообразование – основные суффиксы и префиксы; словосложение.

2. К зачету допускаются студенты, выполнившие письменные контрольные работы, а также устные работы на занятиях во время экзаменационной сессии.

3. На зачете в 1 семестре необходимо подготовить и рассказать две темы:



  • “About my self”(О себе, своей семье, друзьях, увлечениях);

  • “My working day” (Мой рабочий день).



Вариант 1

Задание 1. Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе:

dog, name, child, monopoly, life.


Задание 2. Образуйте и напишите превосходную степень прилагательных: nice, gold, beautiful, useful, big.
Задание 3. Перепишите, подчеркните и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод местоимений:

  1. He gave me a book to read. It was a detective story.

  2. Look at those people. Do you know what they are looking for?

  3. I’ve got some money. Let’s buy a new dictionary.

  4. There is something wrong with him.

  5. There is nobody in that room.


Задание 4. Прочитайте текст и выпишите все незнакомые слова с транскрипцией и переводом. (См. текст в задании 5).
Задание 5. Переведите письменно текст.
New YorkGateway to the USA

1. Most foreign visitors come to New York first and here they meet the USA. New York has always been the gateway to the USA, but it is more than just a door; it is also a window through which the life of the whole nation may be observed.

2. New York, the nation’s largest city (population 7.868.000) and richest port, is a national leader in business, finance, manufacturing, communications, service industries, fashion and the arts.

3. As you walk about New York, you will get much additional information about the history, economic geography, literature, art, and music of the country as a whole.

4. The New York Bay at the mouth of the Hudson River was first seen by an Italian navigator, Giovanni de Verrazano in 1525 and later, in 1609, it was explored by Captain Henry Hudson, who discovered the Hudson River and Manhattan Island. In 1626 two ship-loads of Dutch colonists arrived and under the leadership of Peter Minuit set up their first settlement, named New Amsterdam. In 1964 the colony was captured by the British fleet under Duke of York.

5. The first view of the city is a sight that can never be forgotten – you pass by Liberty Island with the bronze Statue of Liberty, presented to the United States by France in 1886 (to commemorate the hundredth of American independence). The status is 152 feet (about 50 metres) high and stands on a pedestal of almost the same height. Its torch towers about 200 feet (60 metres) above the harbour and can be seen at night for many miles. A new American Museum of Immigration is opened at the base of the statue.

6. To the traveler arriving by air, narrow Manhattan Island looks very small, too small to hold so much power in national and world affairs. New York is the financial centre of the country where “money-making” is the main law of life. New York is the symbol of capitalism and its Wall Street on Manhattan Island has become a nick-name for American monopolies and finance.
Задание 6. Выпишите из текста предложения, в которых используются числительные, и подчеркните их.
Задание 7. Перепишите вопрос и ответьте на него письменно на английском языке, используя текст.

“Who presents the Statue of Liberty to the Americans and what is at its base?”



Вариант 2

Задание 1. Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе:

tooth, tourist, state, democracy, wolf.


Задание 2. Образуйте и напишите прилагательные в сравнительной степени:

cheap, bad, important, typical, poor.


Задание 3. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на местоимения:

  1. There are no English words in this text.

  2. He can do anything for you.

  3. Is there anybody at home?

  4. All of them are in the library.

  5. It’s your opinion but the others think differently.


Задание 4. Прочитайте текст и выпишите все незнакомые слова с транскрипцией и переводом. (См. текст в задании 5).
Задание 5. Переведите письменно текст.
Washington, D.C. – capital of the USA

1. Washington is the seat of government of the USA. You know that the flag of the USA – the Stars and Stripes-has fifty stars on a blue background. Each of these stars represents one of the fifty states. But the City Washington is not in any of these states. It occupies the District of Columbia, abbreviated into D.C. and the name of the capital always goes with this abbreviation (don’t mix it up with another Washington, which is a state on the Pacific Coast). The population of Washington, D.C., is about 900.000 and together with the suburbs (the metropolitan area) its population is over 3.000.000.

2. Washington is like no other city of the USA. New York is a centre of finance, of shipping, of fun. But Washington’s only industry is government. The white House, where the US President lives and works, the Capital, the home of the Congress, and the Supreme Court are all in Washington, D.C.

3. Washington, D.C. is one of the few capitals in the world that was simply ordered to exist for housing the nation’s government. President George Washington, in whose honour the city was named, picked out the spot that included the old tobacco-trading Potomac River port of Georgetown, not far from Georg Washington’s own home of Mount Vernon. The Congress approved the choice. The city belongs neither to the North, nor to the South.

4. The Capital, seat of the US Congress, is the building which got the name from the temple in Rome. The word is also applied now in some states to the state houses. Building of the Capital in Washington, D.C., was begun in 1793. The white House is official residence of the presidents of the USA, located at 1600, Pennsylvania Avenue.

5. The library of Congress is “the biggest existing library”, which contains more than 13 million books in various languages, more than 19 manuscripts, including the personal papers of many presidents and many other items such as maps, prints, recordings, etc. The Library serves the Congress, the entire governmental establishment and the public at large. The law of 1870 makes it obligatory to send to the Library two copies of every American book, newspaper or any other published item.


Задание 6. Выберите из текста и переведите предложения, где используются существительные в притяжательном падеже. Подчеркните их.
Задание 7. Перепишите вопрос и ответьте на него письменно на английском языке, используя текст. “What was the role of President George Washington in the history of the USA?”

Вариант 3

Задание 1. Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе:

hospital, colony, miner, city, goose.


Задание 2. Образуйте и напишите прилагательные в сравнительной степени:

broad, modern, many, possible, warm.


Задание 3. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод местоимений:

  1. There were a lot of people coming back from work.

  2. I know such people.

  3. This summer we’ll go to the same place as last year.

  4. Anyone can understand that you are wrong.

  5. Have you got any book in French? I can give you some more books in English.


Задание 4. Прочитайте и выпишите все незнакомые слова с транскрипцией и переводом. (См. текст в задании 5).
Задание 5. Переведите письменно текст.
BostontheAthens of America

1. The capital of Massachusetts is Boston. It is the new England’s largest city.


Its population is over 600.000. Boston was named after a town in England. It became the centre of American culture and intellect. The Boston Public Latin School, founded in 1635, and Harvard College, founded the following year in nearby Cambridge, were the first American Schools.

2. Boston was an important commercial centre because of its busy harbour, a leader in opposing British rule. After the war of Independence, Boston experienced a long period of prosperity. Because of the cultivated tastes of wealthy Bostonians, the city became known as the “Athens of America”. “Boston culture” is a word in American England to denote superior culture, such as is thought prevailing in Boston. “Bostonese” is a method of speech and manners supposed to be specially affected by the residents of the city.

3. A 19-th century flood of immigrants, largely Irish at first converted Boston into an industrial centre. Although the area declined during the first of 20-th century, primarily because of industries moving to the South, Boston remained a national cultural centre and is still the financial and trading centre of New England, a leading US port, and an important market for fish seafood and wool. The electronics industry is a significant factor in reviving Boston’s economic life since World War II.

4. Boston is called «trimount (oun) City» due to its location on three hills. The new Boston city hall, which opened in 1969, is one of the best examples of modern public architecture in the nation.

5. Boston, the capital of Massachusetts, is a part of «Yankee-land », as New England is called. When the Americans first defeated the British at Concord, twenty-two miles away from Boston (April 19, 1885), they began to call themselves «Yankees» and took pride in their names. Now «Yankee» is often used by people abroad as a name for Americans is general. But in the USA it is still restricted to New Englanders and of the northen six states, - Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

Задание 6. Выпишите из текста все использованные прилагательные в сравнительной и превосходной степенях.
Задание 7. Перепишите вопрос и ответьте на него письменно на английском языке, используя текст. «What is Bostonese»?

Вариант 4

Задание 1. Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе:

product, mouse, mass, activity, state.


Задание 2. Образуйте и напишите прилагательные в превосходной степени:

national, much, great, impressive, unique.


Задание 3. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод местоимений:

1. He can do anything for you.

2. He remembered every word in her letter.

3. None of them know how useful this book is.

4. Everybody wants to have a word this him.

5. Both of them are my friends.


Задание 4. Прочитайте текст и выпишите все незнакомые слова с транскрипцией и переведите. ( См. текст в задании 5)
Задание 5. Переведите письменно текст.
Chicago

1. Chicago is one of the largest cities in the USA. Its population is about three and a half million. It is the second largest city in the United States (New York is the first). It is a centre of industry for the middle part of the country, the largest city of Illinois, the most important Great Lakes port.

2. The city is first in the nation in manufacturing of machinery and electronics parts. Called the “Great Market of the USA”, Chicago is the railroad and grain centre of the nation. Chicago has a vast commerce by many railroads and by the lake, and exports wheat, meat and manufactured goods. A large rail centre, Chicago is called the “Gross-Roads of the continent”.

3. Chicago is also an important centre of culture and science. It is the seat of the University of Chicago and of several other institutions, and has important libraries and art collections. Chicago was the site of the first nuclear chain reaction (1942) and is still a leader in nuclear research. Owing to its position, Chicago has been the meeting place of many political conventions. From six to seven million tourists come to Chicago every year, and another million and a half who come to business and political gatherings.

4. In its rapid growth, Chicago survired the great fire of 1871, the gang wars of 1920’s and early 1930’s political machinations of its “bosses”. The city was a place of different nationalities. Called the “City of the Big Shoulders”, Chicago has long become the centre of American working class movement. In the 1880’s Chicago was already a scene of bitter labour wars, and the big strike of Chicago workers of 1886 led to the establishment of May Day as the holiday of workers of the whole world.

5. When you arrive in Chicago, you may find it hard to believe that it was in the 19th century a muddy onion swamp. But in 1871 this place had become a city of 300.000, the largest centre of the American Midwest. One of the contributions to the modern architecture was made by the city’s engineers and architects who rebuilt the city from the ground up after the great fire. In the last decades of the 19th century the sky-scraper was born. It was ten stories high, much taller than any building ever before constructed. One of the construction engineers was William Le Barron Jenny. That was the first “sky-scraper”, a term now so commonly used in the world.


Задание 6. Выпишите из текста и переведите предложения, где используются порядковые числительные. Подчеркните их.
Задание 7. Перепишите вопрос и ответьте на него письменно на английском языке, используя текст. “Why is Chicago called the “Gross Reads of the Continent”?”

Вариант 5

Задание 1. Образуйте и напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе:

research, butterfly, history, settlement, culture.


Задание 2. Образуйте и напишите прилагательные в превосходной степени: regional, high, good, historic, commercial.
Задание 3. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод местоимений:

  1. I have no other friends but you.

  2. I told them what each was to do.

  3. I have no friends. I am very lonely.

  4. I bought a few apples.

  5. Nobody knows anything about it.


Задание 4. Прочитайте текст и выпишите все незнакомые слова с транскрипцией и переводом. (См. текст в задании 5).
Задание 5. Переведите письменно текст.
Florida

1. Florida, southernmost of the continental states, was named by the Spanish adventurer Ponce de Leon in 1512 from the fact that he discovered it on Easter Sunday (the Pascua Florida, or feast of flowers of the Roman Catholic Church), or from the fact the whole region, which he saw was covered with flowers.

2. It is said, that Florida is a place which has no history at all. Real Florida started only with Miami, Miami (not to be mixed up with Miami Beach) is a surprisingly Spanish city. It is nearly a quarter Hispanic. It is possible to walk around Miami for many blocks and hear no word of English. Most public signs are bilingual (written in English and Spanish).

3. The Beach-Miami Beach is a small strip of America linked to Miami by a few roadway bridges over Biscayne Bay. It is a phenomenon entirely of its own. It is a solar industry. No other industry is permitted. The Beach consists entirely of some 400 hotels.

4. In 1964 Disney Productions bought a piece of central Florida and began transforming it into one of the world’s most magnetic tourist attractions. Opened in October 1971, «Disney World» drew some 12.000.000 visitors in 1972. Never before in its long history Florida has been a success.

5. Among the fastest-growing states in the nation, Florida has increased its population from 2.8. million in 1950 to about 7 million today. Since World War II, Cape Canaveral, near Cocoa Beach on the Atlantic Coast, has developed into one of the nation’s most important space research centres. The US Apollo spaceship was launched from here.



6. Florida nicknames are: the “Alligator State” (because numerous alligators are found in its various swamps); the “Everglade Stats” (because vast numbers of everglades are in the greater part of the state); the “Flower State” or the “Land of Flowers”; the “Orange State” because it has great numbers of orange groves, in which competes with California.
Задание 6. Выпишите из текста и переведите предложения, где используются существительные в роли определения. Подчеркните их.
Задание 7. Перепишите вопрос и ответьте на него письменно на английском языке, используя текст. “What industries are developed in Florida?”