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Урок 8

Раздел 1. Аудирование

В1 Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запцсь дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

    1. I buy only hardback books as they can be used longer.

    2. I have found out that the choice of books read by young people is rather limited.

    3. I read books that give food for thought.

    4. I am fond of books about people who succeed in overcoming difficulties.

    5. I want to convince myself not to keep books I don't need any more.

    6. I have difficulty getting interested in some books despite their enjoyable language.

    7. I would like to share books with other people.


Говорящий

A

В

С

D

E

F

Утверждение

























Вы услышите разговор друзей. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1~А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

А1 Тот is unhappy about the Danish people being unfriendly.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2 Jack thinks that the character can be explained by the climate.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3 Tom believes that it's only in Denmark that you can be insulted in public places

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A4 Jack thinks that we should respect the rules of other cultures.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5 Tom wants to return to Denmark.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A6 Jack claims that public transport in Denmark leaves much to be desired.

1) True 2) False 3) Not ated

A7 Tom comes from Denmark but lives in the USA.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите рассказ человека, увлеченного созданием календаря, В заданиях А8'-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды,

А8 The narrator made mistakes in his scheduling because his weekly planner



      1. was written in a foreign language.

      2. included a lot of additional information.

      3. listed the days of the week in an unusual order.

A9 The planner contains the calendar that lets you know

        1. many useful facts about natural phenomena.

        2. how to organise your working time efficiently.

        3. what places of interest are worth visiting in this season.

AlO I The main idea of "The Book of Days" was

          1. to make people loosen the stress of life.

          2. to show the significance of each season.

          3. to help the readers to realise their dreams.

All The project of "The Book of Days" was not finished because of a lack of

            1. new ideas.

            2. enthusiasm.

            3. finance.

A12| "The Ecological Calendar" is

              1. completely identical to "the Book of Days".

              2. absolutely different from "the Book of Days".

              3. partly similar to "the Book of Days".

A13 According to "The Clock of the Long Now" people should

                1. forget about the time.

                2. expand their concept of time.

                3. not care about their future.

A14 The narrator wants to

                  1. give up calendar projects.

                  2. make somebody else manage his project.

                  3. see his ideas accomplished.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1-А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № ц ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что от^ веты на задания В1, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 (в нижней части бланка) цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 2. Чтение

В2 Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

                    1. Useful Invention 5. Verbal Misunderstanding

                    2. US Younger Generation 6. Britain, the World Empire

                    3. Modern Branch of Industry 7. All in One

                    4. Historical Separation 8. Old Enough

  1. For 150 years America was a British colony. At that time British and American English were almost exactly the same. When America won the War of Independence in 1776, it became a free country. The USA was quickly growing richer, and millions of Europeans came to settle here. They brought new words and expressions to the language. As a result, English in America began to develop in its own way and today, there are certain differences in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary and spelling between American and British English.

  2. Typical American teenagers are in fact very ordinary. They think their teachers make them work too hard, they love their parents but are sure they don't understand anything, and their friendships are the most important things in their lives. Some of them do have a lot of money to spend, but usually they have earned it themselves. Most young people take jobs while they are in school. They work at movie theatres, fast-food restaurants, gas stations, and stores to pay for their clothes and entertainment. Maybe this is what makes them so independent from their parents at such a young age?

  3. Is it possible to have one device with the functions of a TV-set, a PC and the Internet? With the advent of Internet TV it has become a reality. Imagine watching a film on TV and getting information on the actors in the film at the same time! To enter web-addresses and write e-mails you use a remote control and an on-screen keyboard or an optional wireless keyboard. By clicking a button, you can also read adverts, 'chat' with a friend, plan your holiday and play your favourite video games. And in the future you'll be able to change the plot of the film you are watching!

  4. When do you stop being a child and become an adult? There are lots of laws about the age when you can start doing things. In Britain, for example, you can get married at 16, but you cannot get a tattoo until you are 18. In most American states you can have a driving licence at 17, but you cannot drink until you are 21. In Russia you can be put to prison when you are 16, but you cannot vote until you are 18. In fact, most European countries and the US have the same age for voting: 18. Many people, however, think that this is unfair. They would like to vote at an earlier age.

  5. Blue jeans were a by-product of the Gold Rush. The man who invented jeans, Levi Strauss, emigrated from Germany to San Francisco in 1850. Levi was 20 years old, and he decided to sell clothes to the miners who were in California in search of gold. When he was told that durable trousers were the most needed item of clothing, Levi began making jeans of heavy tent canvas. Levi's jeans were an immediate success. Soon he switched from canvas to a cotton fabric which came from Nimes, a city in France. The miners called it 'denim' and bought a lot of trousers from Strauss.

    1. Some fifty years ago people hadn't even heard of computers, and today we cannot imagine our life without them. Computer technology is now the fastest-growing industry in the world. The first computer was the size of a minibus and weighed a ton. Today, its job can be done by a chip the size of a pinhead. And the revolution is still going on. Very soon we'll have computers that we'll wear on our wrists or even in our glasses and ear-rings. Such wearable computers are now being developed in the USA.

      1. Some American words are simply unknown on the other side of the Atlantic, and vice versa. But a lot of words exist in both variants, and these can cause trouble. British visitors to America are often surprised at the different meanings that familiar words have acquired there. If an Englishman asks in an American store for a vest, he will be offered a waistcoat. If he wants to buy a handbag for his wife, he should ask for a purse, and if she wants to buy a pair of tights, she should ask for pantyhose: tights in America are what ballet dancers wear.


А

В

С

D

Е

F

G




























B3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Culture and customs

In less than twenty years, the mobile telephone has gone from being rare, expensive equipment of the business elite to a pervasive, low-cost personal item. In many countries,

mobile telephones A ; in the U.S., 50 per cent of children have

mobile telephones. In many young adults' households it has supplanted the land-line

telephone. The mobile phone is В , such as North Korea.

Paul Levinson in his 2004 book Cellphone argues that by looking back through history we can find many precursors to the idea of people simultaneously walking and talking on a mobile phone. Mobile phones are the next extension in portable media,

that now can be С into one device. Levinson highlights

that as the only mammal to use only two out of our four limbs to walk, we are left

two hands free D — like talking on a mobile phone.

Levinson writes that "Intelligence and inventiveness, applied to our need to communicate regardless of where we may be, led logically and eventually to telephones

that we E ."

Given the high levels of societal mobile telephone service penetration, it is a key

means for people F . The SMS feature spawned the

«texting» sub-culture. In December 1993, the first person-to-person SMS text message was transmitted in Finland. Currently, texting is the most widely-used data service; 1.8 billion users generated $80 billion of revenue in 2006.


        1. to perform other actions

        2. outnumber traditional telephones

        3. to communicate with each other

4. combined with the Internet

5. to serve basic needs

6. banned in some countries

7. carry in our pockets




А

В

С

D

Е

F

























Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

А Gifted Cook

If there is a gene for cuisine, Gabe, my 11-year-old son, could splice it to perfection. Somewhere between Greenwich Village, where he was born, and the San Francisco Bay area, where he has grown up, the little kid with the stubborn disposition and freckles on his nose has forsaken Boy Scouts and baseball in favor of wielding a kitchen knife.

I suppose he is a member of the Emeril generation. Gabe has spent his formative years shopping at the Berkeley Bowl, where over half a dozen varieties of Thanksgiving yams, in lesser mortals, can instill emotional paralysis. He is blessed with a critical eye. "I think Emeril is really cheesy," he observed the other night while watching a puff pastry segment. "He makes the stupidest jokes. But he cooks really well."

With its manifold indigenous cultures, Oaxaca seemed the perfect place to push boundaries. Like the mole sauces for which it is justly famous, the region itself is a subtle blend of ingredients — from dusty Zapotec villages where Spanish is a second language to the zocalo in colonial Oaxaca, a sophisticated town square brimming with street life and vendors selling twisty, one-story-tall balloons.

Appealing to Gabe's inner Iron Chef seemed like an indirect way to introduce him to a place where the artful approach to life presides. There was also a selfish motive: Gabe is my soul mate, a fellow food wanderer who is not above embracing insanity to follow his appetite wherever it leads.

Months ahead of time, we enrolled via the Internet in the daylong Wednesday cooking class at Seasons of My Heart, the chef and cookbook author Susana Trilling's cooking school in the Elta Valley, about a 45-minute drive north to town. In her cookbook and PBS series of the same name, Ms. Trilling, an American whose maternal grandparents were Mexican, calls Oaxaca "the land of no waste" where cooking techniques in some ancient villages- have endured for a thousand years.

I suspected that the very notion of what constitutes food in Oaxaca would test Gabe's m'ettle. At the suggestion of Jacob, his older brother, we spent our second night in Mexico at a Oaxaca Guerrero baseball game, where instead of peanuts and Cracker Jack, vendors hawked huge trays piled high with chapulines, fried grasshoppers cooked in chili and lime, a local delicacy. Gabe was bug-eyed as he watched the man next to him snack on exoskeletal munchies in a paper bowl. "It's probably less gross than a hot dog," he admitted. "But on the rim of the bowl I saw a bunch of legs and served body parts. That's revolting!"

Our cooking day began at the Wednesday market in Etla, shopping for ingredients and sampling as we went. On the way in the van, Gabe had made friends with Cindy


and Fred Beams, fellow classmates from Boston, sharing opinions about Caesar salad and bemoaning his brother's preference for plain pizza instead of Hawaiian. Cindy told Gabe about a delicious sauce she'd just had on her omelet at her В & B. "It was the best sauce — to die for," she said. "Then I found out the provenance. Roasted worms."

The Oaxacan taste for insects, we'd learn — including the worm salt spied at the supermarket and the "basket of fried locusts" at a nearby restaurant — was a source of protein dating back to pre-Hispanic times.

When our cooking class was over I saw a flicker of regret in his face, as though he sensed the world's infinite variety and possibilities in all the dishes he didn't learn to cook. "Mom", he said plaintively, surveying the sensual offerings of the table. "Can we make everything when we get home?"

A15 Gabe's mother thinks that he is


          1. lazy. 3) selfish.

          2. determined. 4) thoughtful.

A16 Gabe is supposed to represent the Emeril generation because he

            1. is fond of criticizing others.

            2. feels happy being alone.

            3. is interested in cooking.

            4. is good at making jokes,

A17 The narrator wanted to take Gabe to Oaxaca because

              1. he could speak Spanish.

              2. there are a lot of entertainments for children there.

              3. he knew a lot about local cultures.

              4. he was the best to keep her company.

A18 Gabe was struck when he

                1. was told that local cooking techniques were a thousand years old.

                2. saw the man next to him eat insects.

                3. did not find any dish to satisfy his appetite.

                4. understood that a hot dog was less gross than a local delicacy.

Al9 The Oaxacan people eat insects because this kind of food

                  1. tastes pleasant.

                  2. is easy to cook.

                  3. contains an essential nutritional element.

                  4. helps to cure many diseases.

A20 At the end of the class Gabe felt regret because

1) there were a lot of dishes he could not make on his own.

2) the dishes he made were not tasty.

3) he did not want to go back home.

4)he had not managed to master all the dishes he liked.
А21 paragraph 3 "brimming with" means


  1. lacking.

  2. being filled with.

  3. astonishing with.

  4. beckoning with.

По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15~А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2, ВЗ, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и ВЗ цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика



Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.

The Climate of Russia

В4 I Russia has a varied climate. Almost all of Russia

in the North Temperature Zone. SITUATE



B5 The climate is continental; however, the fluctuations in temperature

are than in other European countries. GREAT



B6 The extreme north is a cold bare region — the tundra. For more than

six months it in snow. BURY



B7 This region can be called the land of rivers. FREEZE

B8 In May the temperature begins to rise. The gloomy night is succeeded

by continuous daylight, when the sun below the

horizon for several months. NOT SINK
В9 The better part of Russia is not influenced by the warm winds of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. There are no mountains in the north to

form a barrier against the cold winds from the

Arctic Ocean. BLOW

BI0 The extreme west of Russia has a temperate climate. Thus, the summers in the Baltic are cool and the winters mild. If we go east, the climate will become more continental- FAR

Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напечатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В11-В16, однокоренные слова, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.

Tourism in Australia



Bll The growth of tourism infrastructure related to the base of Ayers Rock, or Uluru began in the 1950s. Soon it started to produce adverse impacts. ENVIRONMENT

B12 It was decided in the early 1970s to remove all accommodation-related tourist facilities and re-establish them outside the park. In 1975, a

of 104 square kilometres of land beyond the

park's northern boundary was chosen as the site for a new resort. RESERVE

B13 A year or two later, the of a tourist facility and

an associated airport, to be known as Yulara started. DEVELOP



B14 The camp ground within the park was closed in 1983 and the motels closed in late 1984, coinciding with the opening of the luxurious resort. In 1992, the majority interest in the Yulara resort held by the Northern

Territory was sold and the resort was renamed

Ayers Rock Resort. GOVERN

B15 Since listing the park as a World Heritage Site, the annual number of

rose to over 400,000 people by the year 2000. VISIT



B16 Increased tourism provides regional and national economic benefits. It also presents an ongoing challenge to balance conservation of values and tourists' needs. CULTURE
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28, Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Mausoleum of Mausolus

The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (present Bodrum, Turkey) was a tomb built in 350 ВС for king Mausolus and Artemisia, his wife.

In 377 ВС, Halicarnassus was the capital of a small regional kingdom on the coast of Anatolia. In that year the ruler of the region died and left the kingdom to his son,

Mausolus. Before his death the father king A21 control of several of the

neighboring cities and districts, Mausolus A23 the territory of the kingdom

as far as the southwest coast of Anatolia. Mausolus and Artemisia ruled from their

capital over the surrounding territory A24 twenty-four years. Mausolus,

although he was descended from local people, spoke Greek and A25 the Greek

way of life and government. He founded many cities of Greek design along the coast and A26 Greek democratic traditions.

Mausolus decided to build a new capital, a city as safe from capture as magnificent to be seen. He chose the city of Halicarnassus. Mausolus and Artemisia spent huge

A27 I of tax money to embellish the city. They commissioned statues, temples

and buildings of gleaming marble. In the center of the city Mausolus planned to place a resting place for his body after his death. It would be a tomb that would forever show how rich he and his queen were.

In 353 ВС Mausolus died, leaving Artemisia broken-hearted. As a tribute to him, she decided to build him the most splendid tomb, a structure so famous that it became one of the Seven Wonders of the A28 World.

A22 1) captured 2) took 3) achieved 4) required

A23 1) extended 2) lengthened 3) prolonged 4) doubled

A24 1) by 2) in 3) with 4) for

A25 1) worshiped 2) admired 3) beloved 4) fancied

A26 1) insisted 2) suggested 3) encouraged 4) persuaded

A27 1) amounts 2) numbers 3) quantities 4) figures

A28 1) Archaic 2) Prehistoric 3) Antique 4) Ancient



По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22''А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ МП ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4-В16, А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4~В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 4. Письмо


Для ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов № 2, При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объема текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объем — не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (С1, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать его другую сторону.

С1 You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Ann who writes:

... More and more young people get involved in environmental protection. Could you tell me what measures young people in your country take to save the environment? What kind of support do you get from your local community and family? Is there any Green Party I Movement where you live? Wouldn't you like to start one, if there isn't? I am very happy now because I have just passed my last exams.

Write back soon,

Ann

Write a letter to Ann. In your letter



  • answer her questions

  • ask 3 questions about her plans for the coming holiday

Write 100 — 140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

C2 You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.



Some people think that you can master the language only if you study it abroad, in the native speaking environment.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200 — 250 words.

Use the following plan:



  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

  • express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

  • explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion

  • make a conclusion restating your position