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Урок 4

Раздел 1. Аудирование

В1

Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями

каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7, Используйте

каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.

В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.

Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

    1. I eat а lot trying to forget my problems.

    2. I cannot lose weight as I combine exercising and eating unhealthy food.

    3. I have gained weight after changing my habits.

    4. I would like to lose weight without changing my habits radically.

    5. I feel very unhappy because I cannot help eating unhealthy food.

    6. I expected to gain weight but in fact I haven't.

    7. I don't have any weight problems in spite of eating whatever I want.

Говорящий

А

В

С

D

Е

F

Утверждение



















Вы услышите разговор подруг. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

А1 Sally likes "Alice in Wonderland" more now, as she understands it better.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2 Sally's father loved "Alice in Wonderland" when he was a kid.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3 The Mad Hatter's character makes Sally think of her own personality.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A4 "Alice in Wonderland" did not make a good impression upon Susan.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5 Sally is sure that not everything is openly expressed in the book.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A6 Susan has seen all the film adaptations of "Alice in Wonderland".

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

A7 Sally respects Disney for not changing anything in the story.

1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите рассказ студента. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

А8 The narrator says that the Union is a body which



      1. includes both — the students and the teachers.

      2. is of a political character.

      3. does not represent all groups of students.

A9 According to the narrator the behavior of the Union members shows

        1. a high level of intellect.

        2. a lack of maturity.

        3. a sense of responsibility.

AlO The narrator ran for the office because

          1. he had supporters.

          2. he wanted the position.

          3. he was sure he would make it.

All The narrator is not happy about the Union because the members

            1. are not aware of the current political situation in the world.

            2. are too young to understand the interests of mature students.

            3. tend to discuss their private affairs and problems.

A12 The narrator thinks that the Union should

              1. be abolished.

              2. do its work better.

              3. attract more attention.

A13 The narrator believes that the Union members are interested in

                1. getting more money for their work.

                2. increasing their experience.

                3. having fun together.

A14 For the narrator the university is a place to

                  1. entertain himself.

                  2. study hard.

                  3. make friends.

По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1-А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 11 ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1~А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 (в нижней части бланка) цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 2. Чтение



В2 Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G, Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз, В задании один заголовок лишний.

                    1. 1.Expenses 5. Place to stay in

                    2. 2.Ways of behaviour 6. Eating out

                    3. 3.Nightlife 7. National languages

                    4. 4.Favourite food 8. Great outdoors

  1. Norway is first of all a land for those who love nature. The breathtaking fjords in the southwest of the country and Europe's largest glacier are Norway's most attractive places, but there are many other reasons to visit this country in the north of Europe. There are wonderful opportunities to enjoy skiing, fishing and rock-climbing. Others can take pleasure in the charm of the Norwegian countryside, with its countless valleys, high mountain lakes and unbelievable views.

  2. Many tourists coming to Norway in the summer prefer to stay in a cottage used by northern Norwegian fishermen during the winter cod-fishing season. Equipped with all the necessary facilities, these cottages are leased to holiday makers, providing an attractive form of accommodation. They will often be actually over the water. Catching your own fish and cooking it on the fire will add a few pleasant moments to your holiday.

  3. Norway has a long history of fishing, although much of the high quality shellfish and other species caught off the coast are exported. However, fish remains a common dish, along with meat, potatoes and other root vegetables, although tastes have changed in recent years to involve a wider international choice, including pizzas and burgers. The most popular traditional hot snack is a form of sausage, sold at numerous outlets.

  4. Traditionally entertainment in the country is largely home-based, but this has been changing in recent years. Most Norwegians tend to go out only on Fridays and Saturdays, the rest of the week being fairly quiet. This is in no small part due to the high prices of food and drink, and the fact that the working day starts early. And at weekends, it is normal for the Norwegians to enjoy drinks at home before leaving it as late as 11.00 p.m.

  5. Restaurants tend to be concentrated in city centres, while in recent years the pub culture has been gradually arriving in Norway. Cities are nowadays well supplied with a wide choice of bars, many of which offer food that has a lower price compared to the restaurants. Most villages of any size have at least one cafe or restaurant where it is possible to drink and eat out.

  6. Norwegians are generally sincere and polite, though communication doesn't often come easy — it is usually up to you to break the ice and establish contact. They can be very direct and rarely say 'please', which may seem rude, but it's due to the fact that the Norwegian language rarely uses the word. On the other hand, they say 'thank you' for almost everything. They also tend to address people by their first name even on many formal occasions.

G. Norway is an expensive country. As labour is costly here, anything that can be seen as a 'service' will generally be more expensive than you expect. Transport costs can also be a killer, because the country is large and distances are long. But there is one good point: Norway has a high quality of tap water. So buying bottled drinking water is usually unnecessary and this will save your budget.


А

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С

D

Е

F

G




























В3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Laughing and evolution

The first hoots of laughter from an ancient ancestor of humans could be heard at least 10 million years ago, according to the results of a new study.

Researchers used recordings of apes and babies being tickled

A to the last common ancestor that humans shared with

the modern great apes, which include chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans.

The finding challenges the opinion В , suggesting

instead that it emerged long before humans split from the evolutionary path that led to our primate cousins, between 10m and 16m years ago.

"In humans, laughing can be the strongest way of expressing how much we are enjoying ourselves, but it can also be used in other contexts, like making fun of someone," said Marina Davila Ross, a psychologist at Portsmouth University. "I was

interested in С

Davila Ross travelled to seven zoos around Europe and visited a wildlife reserve in

Sabah, Borneo, to record baby and juvenile apes D . Great

apes are known to make noises that are similar to laughter when they are excited and while they are playing with each other.

Davila Ross collected recordings of laughter from 21 chimps, gorillas, orangutans and bonobos and added recordings of three babies that were tickled to make them laugh.

To analyze the recordings, the team put them into a computer program. "Our evolutionary tree based on these acoustic recordings alone showed

E , but furthest from orangutans, with gorillas somewhere

in the middle." said Davila Ross. "What this shows is strong evidence to suggest F



    1. whether laughing emerged earlier on than humans did

    2. to create the evolutionary tree linking humans and apes

    3. that laughter is a uniquely human trait

    4. that humans were closest to chimps and bonobos

    5. that laughing comes from a common primate ancestor

    6. while their caretakers tickled them

    7. to trace the origin of laughter back


А

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Е

F

























Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, В каждом задании обведите цифр1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

Scarcely had we settled into the Strawberry-pink Villa before my mother decided that I was running wild, and that it was necessary for me to have some sort of education. As usual when a problem arose, the entire family flung itself with enthusiasm into the task of solving it. Each member had his or her own idea of what was best for me.

Sitting under the open window in the twilight, I had listened with interest, not unmixed with indignation, to the family discussion of my fate. Finally my mother decided that George would be a good teacher for me. Now it was settled, I wondered vaguely who George was, and why it was so necessary for me to have lessons. But the dusk was thick with flower-scents, and the olive-groves were dark, mysterious, and fascinating. I forgot about the imminent danger of being educated, and went off with Roger to hunt for glow-worms in the sprawling brambles.

Later I discovered that George was my brother's friend and he had come to Corfu to write. There was nothing very unusual about this, for all Larry's acquaintances in those days were either authors, poets, or painters.

My new teacher came over to the villa to discuss my education with Mother, and we were introduced. We regarded each other with suspicion. George was a very tall and extremely thin man with a brown beard and a pair of large spectacles. He had a deep, melancholy voice, a dry and sarcastic sense of humor. However, he was not upset by the fact that there were no school-books available on the island; he simply looked through his own library and appeared on the appointed day armed with his own selection of books. He patiently taught me Geography from the maps in the back of an ancient copy of Pears Encyclopedia, English from books that ranged from Wilde to Gibbon, French from the book called "Le Petit Larousse", and mathematics from memory. From my point of view the most important thing was that we devoted some of our time to natural history, and George carefully taught me how to observe and . how to note down observations in a diary. At once my enthusiastic interest in nature became focused, for I found that by writing things down I could learn and remember much more. The only morning that I was ever on time for my lessons were those which were given up to natural history.

Every morning at nine George would come into the little dining-room of the villa, sit at the table methodically arranging the books. He would droop over the exercise- book pensively, pulling at his beard. Then in his large, clear writing he would set the task for me to solve.

"If it took two caterpillars a week to eat eight leaves, how long would four caterpillars take to eat the same number? Now, apply yourself to that".







While I was struggling with the apparently insoluble problem of the caterpillar appetites, George was practicing some dancing moves in the hall as at that time he was engaged in learning some of the local dances, for which he had a passion. Through all this I would be watching him, fascinated, the exercise-book lying forgotten in front of me. Mathematics was not one of our successful subjects.

In geography we made better progress, for George was able to give a more zoological tinge to the lesson. We drew giant maps and then filled in the various places of interest, together with drawings of the most exciting animals and birds to be found there.


A15 In paragraph 1 "I was running wild" means that the boy

      1. hardly spent any time at home.

      2. led an uncontrolled life.

      3. became very angry.

      4. had an unhealthy lifestyle.

А16 How did the boy's family react to the problem of his education?

        1. Actively discussed the situation.

        2. Avoided any disputes on this topic.

        3. Showed no desire in solving it.

        4. Felt indifferent.

A17 George was

          1. a teacher.

          2. a dancer.

          3. a writer.

          4. a mathematician.

A18 How did the boy and George feel when they first met?

            1. They treated the situation with humor.

            2. They were upset about their studies.

            3. They didn't trust each other.

            4. They liked each other very much.

A19 Why did the boy enjoy his lessons of natural history?

              1. He remembered much more from those lessons.

              2. He got very interested in the subject.

              3. He learned how to focus on the lesson.

              4. He finally learnt how to write.

A20 The boy couldn't solve the mathematics problem because he

                1. didn't like to make any effort.

                2. was not interested in caterpillars.

                3. refused to do mathematics in general.

                4. was distracted by his teacher's dances.

A21 The geography lessons were more successful because

                  1. George knew geography better than mathematics.

                  2. the boy was fond of drawing maps of the continents.

                  3. the boy knew lots of interesting places already.

                  4. George also managed to involve the boy's interest in fauna.


По окончании выполнения заданий В2, ВЗ и А15-А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ М 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2, ВЗ, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и ВЗ цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика



Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4~ В10, так чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10,

Excuses, excuses ...

\

В4 For years my husband, Tom, and I had complained bitterly about the lack of sidewalks in our village. We didn't have enough exercise but we jog because there were no sidewalks. NOT CAN



B5 Tom had often told , «If only we had sidewalks,


B16 Their main aim is to ban the cruel treatment and killing of animals both in laboratory experiments and in factory farming. The irresponsible and neglectful treatment of animals by some zoo and pet is also their concern. OWN



Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Before Christmas

Vicky gave this party every year, just before Christmas. She A22 to do

it before the war and she was doing it now, when the war was over. It was always the same people who came. It struck her suddenly how clannish they all were, but then the Deravenels in particular were somewhat addicted to their family. Vicky knew that she could always depend A23 her relatives in a crisis.

She was A24 the guests greet each other and share the news. Vicky

thought of her sister-in-law Kathleen, not present tonight. Vicky missed her presence.

When Will had arrived tonight, he had A25 that Kathleen was really sick.

"But not Spanish flu," he had added swiftly, observing the look of apprehension crossing her face, "just a heavy cold."

Fenella's voice brought her out of her reverie, and she looked across at her old friend, who was saying, "How is Charlie feeling?"

"He's relieved he is safely home, but his wounds still hurt and he feels depressed ..." She looked at Fenella as if А26 advice.

"Mr. Ridgely made a remark to me the other day that he wished there was somewhere wounded soldiers could go, to have some sort of recreation, talk to other soldiers," said Fenella.

"That's an interesting idea" Vicky glanced at the others, A27 a brow.

"Don't you agree?"

"To A28 the truth, I do," Stephen answered, always ready to back his

wife in her project. "I think such a place would be quite marvelous for the wounded men who are now coming home." Fenella nodded.

A22 1) used 2) kept 3) held 4) took

А23 1) on 2) at 3) in 4) of

A24 1) looking 2) staring 3) watching 4) gazing

A25 1) admitted 2) adopted 3) agreed 4) accepted

A26 1) searching 2) posing 3) asking 4) seeking

A27 1) falling 2) heaving 3) rising 4) raising

A28| 1) say 2) tell 3) speak 4) talk



По окончании выполнения заданий В4~В16, Л22~А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ МП ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4-В16, А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4-В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 4. Письмо



Для ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов № 2, При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объема текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объем — не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (С1, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать его другую сторону.

С1 You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tom who writes:

Last summer my parents and I went hiking to the mountains. We spent the whole week together and enjoyed it very much. How often do you take active holidays? Who do you think is the best company for you? What extreme sports would you like to try, if any, and why?

Last month our English class got an interesting project. We wrote a paper about interesting events in the past of our country ...

Write a letter to Tom,

In your letter


  • answer his questions

  • ask 3 questions about his project paper

Write 100 — 140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

C2 You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.



Some people think that you can have only one true friend.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?



Write 200 — 250 words.

Use the following plan:



  • make an introduction (state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

  • express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

  • explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion

  • make a conclusion restating your position