Материалы пробного егэ по английскому языку, состоявшегося на базе историко-филологического факультета пгу 12 мая 2013 г. Раздел Ауд - shikardos.ru o_O
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Материалы пробного егэ по английскому языку, состоявшегося на базе историко-филологического - страница №1/1

Материалы пробного ЕГЭ по английскому языку, состоявшегося на базе историко-филологического факультета ПГУ 12 мая 2013 г.

Раздел 1. Аудирование


B 1 Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего AF и утверждениями, данными в списке 1-7 . Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

1. Free university education should be offered only to a certain group of people.

2. It would be expensive for governments to give scholarships to many students.

3. Getting higher education free makes people irresponsible and lazy.

4. Free university education gives more chances for the right career choice.

5. Part of countries’ budget should be given to pay for people’s higher education.

6. You give more weight to university education if you pay much for it.

7. Fees paid by students for university education should be reasonable.



Говорящий

A

B

C

D

E

F

Утверждение





















Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-True), какие не соответствуют (2- False) и о чем в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A1 The population of Oregon (US) is small.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A2 Mary did some outdoor sports when visiting the state of Oregon.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A3 Tim seems to feel comfortable in a hut underground while snow camping.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A4 Tim would like to learn to build igloos.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A5 Big storms are quite common in the mountains in Oregon.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A6 Snow from the storm kept Tim and his friends inside their car.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated

A7 While snow camping, Tim trusts in modern gadgets to get information about his location.

  1. True 2) False 3) Not stated



Вы услышите рассказ радиоведущего о новых экстремальных видах спорта. В заданиях А8 – А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

A8 Watching the displays at the exhibition the speaker was eager to test personally

  1. only some of them.

  2. the first twelve.

  3. all of them.

A9 The speaker came to the exhibition

  1. alone.

  2. with James.

  3. with a group of friends.

A10 The speaker managed to do well in the

  1. brush boarding.

  2. roller skating

  3. land yachting.

A11 The speaker didn’t do well in the Aquathlon because

  1. he didn’t take it seriously.

  2. he was saving energy for kite surfing.

  3. it was technically tricky.

A12 The secret of successful kite surfing lies in

  1. choosing the largest possible kite.

  2. jumping and landing smoothly.

  3. avoiding getting dragged in the air.

A13 The speaker stopped kite surfing after 30 minutes because

  1. of extreme tiredness.

  2. there was an offshore wind.

  3. the instructor suggested it.

A14 All the displays were

  1. experimental models with designers used as instructors.

  2. real practiced sports.

  3. computer installations of real sports.



По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1-А14 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов №1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В1, А1-А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в задании В1 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 2. Чтение

B 2 Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами А-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.



  1. Future rescuers 5. Discredited myth

  2. Origin of the superstition 6. Distress call

  3. Risky sport 7. Visible obstacle

  4. Oldest creatures 8. Significant difference



  1. ‘When men first flew in space, they were amazed to discover that the only men-made object visible from orbit was the Great Wall of China.’ This is a nice idea, but it’s not true. The Great Wall is mostly grey stone in a grey landscape and, in fact, is very difficult to see even from an airplane flying at a mere 15 kilometres above.

  2. The term ‘Mayday’ is an internationally recognized radio signal which is only used when a ship is in great danger and needs help immediately. The signal is transmitted on a wavelength of 2.182 kHz, which is permanently monitored by rescue services on the shore. The use of this expression has a very straightforward explanation. It came from the French phrase ‘m’aidez’, which means ‘help me’.

  3. In 1700, Henri Mission, a Frenchman visiting Britain, asked villagers why they had horseshoes nailed above their doors. They said it was to keep witches away. Horseshoes are made of iron and the strength of the iron was thought to protect from evil. Still today they are thought to bring good luck and many brides carry silver ones at their weddings. The position of the horseshoe is very important. It must point upwards like a cup so that the luck cannot fall out.

  4. Women generally live about six years longer than men. Evidence suggests that boys are the weaker sex at birth, which means that more die in infancy. Also women do not have as much heart disease as men. In terms of lifestyle, men smoke more than women and thus more die of smoking-related diseases. Also, they generally have more dangerous occupations, such as building work.

  5. Scientists say that rats can help look for earthquake survivors buried in the ruined buildings. Dogs are already used to search for people, but rats can be even more useful. Like dogs they’ve got a great sense of smell, but scientists still need to train rats to sniff out people and to carry special radio transmitters to let them know when the survivor is found. Rats may also be trained to find bombs or explosives.

  6. Dinosaurs roared for about 150 million years before they disappeared. We, humans, have only been around for about 2 million years. But cockroaches are 350 million years old and still going strong! Cockroaches can survive in extreme conditions. They can be frozen, then thawed, and walk away as if nothing had happened. They can go for incredibly long time without eating anything. And that is the secret of their success!

  7. Founded in 1980, base jumping grew out of skydiving. But base jumping is much more dangerous than skydiving that is why it is banned in many countries. Legal jumps now happen on specific days and from approved structures. However, like other extreme sports, it’s the risk of disaster that makes base jumping so exciting.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G
























B 3 Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А-F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке 1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

It was during a radar-related research project around 1946 that Dr. Percy Spencer, while working for Raytheon Corporation, noticed that a candy bar in his pocket melted during the testing of a new vacuum tube called a magnetron. This intrigued Dr. Spencer, A _______________ . This time he placed some popcorn kernels near the tube and watched B _______________ .

The next morning Spencer decided to put the magnetron tube near an egg. Spencer and a colleague both watched C _______________ . Spencer’s colleague moved in for a closer look just as the egg splattered yolk all over his face. Dr. Spencer concluded that if you can cook an egg that quickly, D _______________ . He began experimenting. Dr. Spencer enclosed the food to be cooked in a metal box that he fed the microwaves into. He had invented what was to revolutionize cooking and form the basis of a multimillion dollar industry – the microwave oven.

In 1947, Raytheon demonstrated the world’s first microwave oven and called it a Radarange. The first microwave ovens cost between $ 2,000 and $ 3,000. Around 1952 – 55, Tappan introduced the first home model priced at $ 1295. In 1967 Raytheon owned Amana Refrigeration introduced the first countertop microwave oven, E _______________ .

By 1975, sales of microwave ovens had, for the first time, exceeded those of gas ranges. In 1976, the microwave oven became a more commonly owned kitchen appliance than the dishwasher, F _______________ . America’s cooking habits were being dramatically changed by the convenience of the microwave oven. Once considered a luxury, the microwave oven has developed into a practical necessity for a fast-paced world of today.


  1. as the popcorn sputtered, cracked and popped

  2. so he decided to ask for help

  3. so he tried another experiment

  4. reaching nearly about 52 million US households

  5. which was smaller, safer and more reliable than previous models

  6. as the egg began to tremor and shake

  7. then you could cook other foods as well



A

B

C

D

E

F





















Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

The Slate Quarry

Bethesda used to be at the heart of the Welsh slate industry. The famous dark blue-green stone, used for roof and floor tiles, had been exported all over the world during the 19th century. The nearby quarry, now deserted, had been the world’s biggest at nearly a mile long and 1,200 feet deep. It was a spectacular sight, a man-made Grand Canyon. The area still provided a source of income for the residents of Bethesda, as numerous outdoor activity centres had been set up around the town.

David’s speciality was rock-climbing. Climbing had become more popular recently, along with other so-called ‘extreme sports’. David believed this was because of television. The advanced cameras used by the television companies could show spectacular images of hang-gliders taking off from the tops of mountains or climbers hanging from a cliff by their fingertips. David worried that these sports, which actually required years of dedicated practice, were shown as being deceptively easy. Annoyingly, because of this, he had to spend the first morning of each course lecturing the participants on the dangers involved.

North Wales is one of the most beautiful regions of Britain. However, it rains regularly, even throughout the summer. Slate becomes dangerously slippery in the rain, and David made sure that his climbers used safety ropes and harnesses at all times. That day he was leading a group of seven teenagers from a town near London. As he tried to demonstrate the equipment, they continually mocked his accent and whispered to one another. At times, David muttered angrily to himself in his native Welsh language, knowing that they wouldn’t understand a word.

The three girls in the group had soon understood the technical procedures and David was pleasantly surprised at how well they worked as a team. The boys were a different kettle of fish entirely. They argued over who would go first and then over who had done the best. By the time David and the boys returned to the quarry floor, they were running almost an hour late. David announced that they were going back to the hostel immediately, despite loud complaints from the girls. The original plan had been to stop off in the town for a bit of shopping on the way back.

David was too irritated to argue, and stormed off towards the hostel. He phoned a couple of friends, in an attempt to drown out the teenagers’ complaining. Suddenly, one of the boys was pulling at his arm. ‘Sir, Sir! The girls, Sir, they’ve run off!’ The girls, it seemed, had decided to arrange their own shopping trip. David was immediately gripped by a sense of panic. It was easy to get lost in these hills, and now it was beginning to get dark.

As the group marched on, the weather steadily worsened. Within minutes a light drizzle had turned into driving rain, which didn’t surprise David at all. He knew that one minute the sun could be shining in these hills and the next the sky could be covered with big, black clouds. He had no choice but to alert the Mountain Rescue Team.

David tried to prepare himself for the inevitable questioning, and of course the deserved criticism. He spoke to the operator in Welsh as the boys looked on. Suddenly, David sighed with relief. The operator had informed him that the girls were safe and well. They had already reached the town centre safely and had stopped a policeman to ask where to catch the bus back to the hostel.



A15 The writer tells us that the residents of the town of Bethesda

  1. couldn’t survive without the slate industry.

  2. were starting to move away from the area.

  3. now arranged sight-seeing trips around the slate quarry.

  4. were continuing to benefit from the slate quarry.

A16 David suggests that his job had been made more challenging because of

  1. the higher numbers of people in his classes now.

  2. the way the media presented extreme sports.

  3. the new, stricter safety rules he had to follow.

  4. the very difficult climbs around Bethesda.

A17 David got annoyed while teaching the teens because

  1. they were making fun of him.

  2. they didn’t seem to understand him.

  3. the weather was so wet and miserable.

  4. they didn’t follow his safety instructions.

A18 David cancelled the shopping trip because

  1. the boys’ bad behavior had wasted too much time.

  2. he was fed up of the girls’ complaining.

  3. the boys didn’t want to go shopping.

  4. he hadn’t finished the teens’ lesson.

A19 David didn’t notice the girls leave because

  1. they had told him they were going back to the hostel.

  2. he had decided not to pay attention to them for a while.

  3. the sun was setting and it was difficult to see anything.

  4. he was busy helping some of the boys.

A20 The weather in the area was generally

  1. very wet.

  2. mild.

  3. severe.

  4. unpredictable.

A21 In the final paragraph, the writer suggests that David

  1. was more angry about the incident than worried.

  2. was surprised the girls were found so quickly.

  3. thought people would say the incident was his fault.

  4. wished he hadn’t phoned the Mountain Rescue Team.



По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15-А21 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов №1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В2, В3, А15-А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и В3 цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте текст. Заполните пропуски в предложениях под номерами В4-В10 соответствующими формами слов, напечатанных справа от каждого предложения.

A farmer had some puppies he needed to sell. He painted a sign

B4 _____________ the pups and set about nailing it to a post on the advertise

edge of his yard.



B5 While he _____________ the last nail into the post, he felt a tug drive

on his overalls and saw a little boy.



B6 ‘Mister,’ he said, ‘ _______________ (you) to sell your puppies? want

I would like to choose one.’



B7 As the dogs made their way to the fence, the little boy ___________ choose

a small puppy hobbling behind the others.



B8 ‘Son,’ said the farmer, ‘if you buy that puppy, he ___________ able not be

to run and play with you like these other dogs.’

The little boy rolled up one leg of his trousers and showed the farmer

B9 a steel brace running down both sides of his leg, which ___________ attach

to a specially made shoe.



B10 He said, ‘You see sir, I ____________ run well myself, and he will not can

need someone who understands.’



Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров В11-В16 так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.

‘All things come to those who wait.’ It’s a traditional phrase that has

B11 kept the British patiently in line for years. For ___________ , they’ve GENERATION

B12 been waiting their turn. This may sometimes have led to __________ ANGRY

abroad, when foreigners haven’t always respected the rules of the



B13 orderly queue. But at home they have ____________ enjoyed their SECRET

B14 reputation. It’s rather ____________, though, isn’t it? Today’s highly FASHION

B15 developed culture of ____________ to the public seems to have more SERVE

in common with the American ‘I want it and I want it now’ philosophy.



B16 But their ____________ seems to be growing. They may wait with less PATIENT

politeness than they used to – you only have to observe the frustrated

shoppers in a supermarket queue. But wait they still do.


Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Mentoring

Many adults in America and increasing numbers elsewhere take part in mentoring schemes. A

mentor is an adult who provides support and friendship to a young person. There are numerous

different A22 ___________ of mentoring: passing on skills, sharing experiences, offering

guidance. Sometimes the most helpful thing to do is just listen. Mentoring is open to anybody –

no particular A23 __________ experience is required, just a desire to make a difference to the

life of a young person who needs help. This may seem a difficult thing at first, but many people

find they have a real A24 __________ for it.

The support of a mentor can play an important A25 ___________ in a child’s development

and can often make up for a lack of guidance in a young person’s life. It can also improve

young people’s A26 ___________ towards society and build up their confidence in dealing with

life’s challenges. For the mentor, it can be incredibly rewarding to know that they have had a

significant A27 ___________ on a child and helped to give them the best possible chance in

life. Indeed, it is not only adults who are capable of taking on this role. There is now an

increasing A28 ___________ for teenagers to mentor younger children, for example by helping

them with reading or other school work.



A22 1) approaches 2) means 3) manners 4) ways

A23 1) trained 2) expert 3) professional 4) skilled

A24 1) ability 2) skill 3) strength 4) talent

A25 1) piece 2) part 3) role 4) section

A26 1) attitude 2) impression 3) approach 4) conduct

A27 1) change 2) result 3) factor 4) influence

A28 1) want 2) wish 3) demand 4) lack

По окончании выполнения заданий В4-В16, А22-А28 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в бланк ответов №1! Обратите внимание, что ответы на задания В4-В16 и А22-А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. В4-В16 расположены в нижней части бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4-В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов №2. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов №2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объема текста. Тексты недостаточного объема, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объем – не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (С1, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, вы можете использовать его другую сторону.


С1

You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Andrea who writes:


Guess what! I’m going to have my tooth out. It’s awful! Have you ever had any teeth out? Is it painful? My parents say I need to go to the dentist at least twice a year but I’m really afraid of doctors and hospitals and I don’t understand the necessity of going there if you have no pains or aches. What do you think of it? Do you visit your dentist regularly?

By the way, I’m going to join a yoga class.

Write soon.

Best wishes,

Andrea



  • Write back to Andrea answering her questions.



  • Ask 3 questions about her yoga class.

Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


С2

You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Comment on the following statement.

Generally the future of mankind looks bright. Those who argue otherwise are being unnecessarily pessimistic.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 200- 250 words.

Use the following plan:


  • make an introduction ( state the problem)

  • express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion

  • express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion

  • explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion

  • make a conclusion restating your position

Ответы

Раздел № 1

Аудирование



Раздел № 2

Чтение


Раздел № 3

Грамматика и лексика



№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

№ задания

Ответ

А1

1

А15

4

А22

4

А2

3

А16

2

А23

3

А3

2

А17

1

А24

4

А4

3

А18

1

А25

2

А5

3

А19

2

А26

1

А6

2

А20

4

А27

4

А7

1

А21

3

А28

3

А8

1













А9

3













А10

1













А11

1













А12

2













А13

1













А14

2















Аудирование




В1

347651




Чтение




В2

5628143




В3

316754




Грамматика и лексика




В4

advertising




В5

wasdriving




В6

doyouwant




В7

chose




В8

willnotbe




В9

wasattached




В10

cannot




В11

generations




В12

anger




В13

secretly




В14

unfashionable




В15

service




В16

patience